How Fungi “Taste” Wheat Could Hold Key in Crop Disease Fight

New research carried out at Rothamsted has examined how fungal cell surface receptors, which are like the taste receptors on our tongues, help Fusarium graminearum monitor and adapt to...

Research Sheds Light on Genomic Features That Make Plants Good Candidates for Domestication

New research published this week identifies the genomic features that might have made domestication possible for corn and soybeans, two of the world’s most critical crop species.

Indonesian Scientists Develop New Crops for Farmers Using Nuclear Science

Farmers in Indonesia have over the last few years grown enough rice for more than 20 million people using plants developed through the country’s plant mutation breeding...

Scientists Find New Way to Increase Seed Oil Yield in Crops

Nanyang Technological University, Singapore (NTU Singapore) scientists have developed a sustainable way to demonstrate a new genetic modification that can increase the yield of natural oil in...

Neonics Hinder Bees’ Ability to Fend off Mites: U of G Study

A University of Guelph study is the first to uncover the impact of neonicotinoid pesticides on honey bees’ ability to groom and rid themselves of deadly mites.

Plants Are Also Stressed Out

What will a three-degree-warmer world look like? How will plants fare in more extreme weather conditions? When experiencing stress or damage from various sources, plants use chloroplast-to-nucleus...
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Scientists Identify a Novel Gene for Corn Straw Utilization

Plant cell walls, as repositories of fixed carbon, are important sources of biomass, which is mainly composed of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin. However, the complex lignin structure and its...

University of Saskatchewan Crop Scientists Help Crack the Durum Wheat Genome

University of Saskatchewan (USask) researchers played a key role in an international consortium that has sequenced the entire genome of durum wheat—the source of semolina for pasta,...

Turnip Yellows Virus: The Underestimated Threat in Oilseed Rape Cultivation

Turnip Yellows Virus (TuYV) – originally thought to be insignificant, this virus is now spreading at lightning speed across Europe’s oilseed rape fields, reports German plant breeding...

Not All Carrot Germplasm is the Same — In Terms of Salinity Tolerance

Salinity stress is considered one of the most important abiotic factors that limits the productivity of crop plants, and the estimated global cost due to salinity is...

Crop Yield in Maize Influenced By Unexpected Gene ‘Moonlighting’

Maize is a staple crop that came from humble beginnings. If you look at its wild ancestor, teosinte, the plant looks nearly unrecognizable. Human selection has persuaded...

McSteen Lab Finds a New Gene Essential for Making Ears of Corn

A team of scientists led by University of Missouri maize geneticist Paula McSteen has identified a gene essential for forming the ears in corn.

Scientists Find New Way to Reduce Water Use and Improve Plant Growth

A team of scientists has revealed a new, sustainable way for plants to increase carbon dioxide (CO2) uptake for photosynthesis while reducing water usage.

Old for New, Using Ancient Genetic Variation to Supercharge Wheat

Wheat is responsible for half of global calories consumed either directly or as animal feed and we need to make a lot more of it in the...

Seeds Inherit Memories From Their Mother

Seeds remain in a dormant state — a temporary blockage of their germination — as long as environmental conditions are not ideal for germination. The depth of...

Natural Plant Defense Genes Provide Clues to Safener Protection in Grain Sorghum

Weeds often emerge at the same time as vulnerable crop seedlings and sneak between plants as crops grow. How do farmers kill them without harming the crops...

Revealing the Plant Genes that Shaped Our World

The creation of new library of mutants of the single-celled photosynthetic green alga, Chlamydomonas reinhardtii enabled a Carnegie- and Princeton University-led team of plant scientists to identify...
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Publication of Cotton Genome Assemblies Could Inform Breeding of Better-Performing, More Sustainable Varieties

NRGene announced the publication of the most complete genome assemblies ever achieved for the top two leading cultivated allotetraploid cotton species, G. hirsutum L. (AD)1 and G. barbadense L. (AD)2 . The results,...

Clover Improves Soil Quality, Feeds Biofuels Crop

A four-leaf clover might bring good luck, but a stand of Kura clover can produce healthier soil — in the long run, according to a South Dakota...

Avocado Seed Extract Shows Promise as Anti-Inflammatory Compound

An extract from the seeds of avocados exhibited anti-inflammatory properties in a laboratory study, according to Penn State researchers, and it represents a potential source for novel anti-inflammatory compounds...