13 • ASIAN SEED ($682/kg), Maldives ($458/kg) and Canada ($314/kg). Though these values appear anomalous when compared to the mean traded price, it should be noted that the total value of vegetable seed exported to the five aforementioned countries is negligible, accounting for just $290,000 out of the total $45 million in exports – less than seven-tenths of a percent of the market. Specific data was not available for most types of vegetable seeds, with the exception of cabbage and other similar types of brassica seeds (code no. 12099110), of which Australia exported 621 tonnes, valued at nearly $8mn. This seed went to 24 countries, with six trading partners dominating 98% of the demand in terms of volume: Hong Kong (70%); France (11.3%); Japan (5.4%); Vietnam (5%); the Netherlands (4%) and New Zealand (1.8%). Seven countries accounted for 94% of the overall veg seed export market value; namely, the Netherlands (40%); Japan (15.8%); France (14%); Hong Kong (11.6%); Kenya (5.6%); New Zealand (4.2%) and Vietnam (2.7%). In 20 months Australian seed importers brought in 2,003 t of vegetable varieties worth $95.8mn, equating to an average price of $48/kg. Though these seeds came from 40 nations, more than 94% of them came from just 10: New Zealand (32%); United States (21%); Denmark (15%); Netherlands (8.3%); France (4.3%); Germany (3.2%); Italy (2.6%); United Kingdom (2.5%); China (1.9%) and Chile (1.7%). The top ten market leaders supplying vegetable seed to Australia during the period, in terms of value, were the Netherlands (13.7%); US (13%); Chile (11.6%); France (11%); New Zealand (8.3%); China (5.1%); Peru (4.5%); Denmark (4.1%); Japan (3.9%) and the United Kingdom (3.6%). Seeds from a quarter of the 40 supplying countries were traded below the mean price: seed from Pakistan averaged $37/kg; US $29; Austria $24.8; Hong Kong $14.2; Denmark $12.7; New Zealand $12.1; Poland $9.2; Germany $7.3; Hungary $5.1 and Indonesia $2.2. The most expensive vegetable germplasm brought to Australia came from Iceland ($24,000/kg); Guatemala ($9,323/kg); Turkey ($4,086/kg); Latvia ($3,748/kg); Switzerland ($1,478/kg); Brazil ($1,200/kg) and Israel ($1,175/kg). Trade data was not available for specific varieties of most of the imported vegetable seed. 49% 14% 14% 5% 4% 3% 3% 1% 1% 1% 5% Top Markets for Australian Vegetable Seed Netherlands Japan France Indonesia New Zealand Hong Kong USA Kenya China Viet Nam Others 14% 13% 12% 11% 8% 5% 4% 4% 4% 4% 21% Australia's Top Vegetable SeedSuppliers Netherlands USA Chile France New Zealand Peru China Denmark United Kingdom Japan Others MARKET SHARE: The pie graphs here highlight Australia's top veg seed partners as measured by a percentage of the value of trade during the focus period. In terms of volume, however, New Zealand was Australia's top supplier while Indonesia was the top importer of Australian veg seed. Data was querried from the UN Trade Commission, which cites the Australia Bureau of Statistics. Unless where otherwise stated, the data covers a 20-month period – from March, 2016 to October, 2017. APSA does not provide any guarantees about the validity or accuracy of the data, tables, charts or analysis. The report is intended to highlight general trends, but does not represent the full picture of seed trade, particularly in respect to domestic demand and consumption. Specific queries about domestic trends should be addressed to the Australian Seed Federation (asf.asn.au/), OTHER NOTES ABOUT THE DATA: • Melon seeds (120770) are grouped into fruit and spores category, not vegetables; • Field crops include maize (100510); paddy (100610); soya (120110); sugar beet (120910); durham wheat (100111); meslin wheat (100191); barley (100310); cotton (120721); groundnut (120230); millet (100821); oats (100410); seed potato (070110); and sorghum (100710). • Forage crops include Alfalfa (120921); Clover “Trifoliumspp” (120922); Fescue (120923); Kentucky blue grass “Poapratensis L.” (120924); Ryegrass “Loliummultiflorum lam., Loliumperenne L. (120925) and other, unidentified varieties (120929). • Most varieties of seed classified as fruit and spores (120999); herbaceous flowering plants (120930) and vegetables (120991) are not specified, with the exception of coriander (090921), cumin (090931); Juniper berries and seeds of anise, badian, caraway or fennel (090961). ABOUT THIS REPORT USTRALIA SEED REPORT