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October2013WHATSINAWORDSUSTAINABILITYANDTHESEEDINDUSTRYCLIMATECHANGEEXTREMECONDITIONSPOSESERIOUSCHALLENGESEUSNEONICRESTRICTIONNEWGEALFALFATRAITCROPPROTECTANTSANDHONEYBEEHEALTHSEEDWORLD.COMFORAGEANDTURFGRASSMARKETSTRENDSANDINSIGHTS OCTOBER20131OCT1304WHATSINAWORDAsthebuzzaroundsustainabilitycontinuestogrowseedindustryleadersconsideritsmeaning.08CHANGEISINTHEWINDInthewakeofglobalclimatechangetheseedsectormayhavetoadjustthewayitdoesbusiness.12GROWINGMOREWITHLESSTheU.S.seedindustryisrisingtothechallengeofincreasingyieldswithfewerresources.18NEONICOTINOIDRESTRICTIONTheEuropeanCommissionsrestrictionontheuseofneonicotinoid-treatedseedcouldcostinthebillionsofEuros.26FEASTORFAMINELowsuppliesandhighdemandarefuelingpriceincreasesinforageandturfgrassmarkets.32CROPPROTECTANTSANDHONEYBEEHEALTHInthepublicarenaneonicotinoidshavetakenmuchoftheblamefordeclinesinhoneybeehealth.Howeverrecentscientificstudiesdonotofferconclusiveevidencelinkingcolonydie-offstothesepesticides.36ADVANCINGALFALFAAnewgeneticallyengineeredtraitisintheworksthatpromisestodeliverahigherqualityforagecrop.40FARMBILLFRUSTRATIONUncertaintyandtensioncontinuestomountasaresultofCongressinabilitytoreachconsensusonanewfederalfarmbill.44OPPORTUNITIESINAFGHANISTANSeedWorldcolumnistDennisThompsonoffersanin-depthlookatAfghanistanandtheopportunitiesfortheseedindustryinthatcountry.48EVERYBODYSFRIENDFriendsandformercolleaguesofthelateKurtAustermannrememberthispillaroftheindustry.DEPARTMENTS50STRATEGY54CROSSPOLLINATION56WORLDSTATUS58REGULATORYROUNDUP60INDUSTRYNEWS64GIANTVIEWSYOURFOCUSISBREEDINGChangeIsInTheWind8GrowingMoreWithLess12AdvancingAlfalfa36MANAGEMENTWhatsInAWord4GrowingMoreWithLess12SALESANDMARKETINGFeastOrFamine26STRATEGY50IndustryNews60INTERNATIONALTRADEREGULATORYNeonicotinoidRestriction18OpportunitiesinAfghanistan44WorldStatus560818 2SEEDWORLD.COMOctober20131395-AS.ColumbiaRoadPMB360GrandForksND58201-9907PUBLISHERShawnBrooksbrookissuesink.comEDITORKariBelangerkbelangerissuesink.comASSOCIATEEDITORJimTimlickjtimlickissuesink.comSTAFFWRITERSMarkHalsallShannonSchindleMARKETINGCraigArmstrongcarmstrongissuesink.comAdriaGrewalagrewalissuesink.comHitenShahhshahissuesink.comCREATIVEWadeClisbyJeffHiebertLesleyNakonechnyCIRCULATIONBradGordonbgordonissuesink.comCamMitchellcmitchellissuesink.comCONTRIBUTORSMariaBrownMelanieEppJenGolletzAngelaLovellJulieMcNabbDennisThompsonEDITORIALBOARDR.B.HalabyAgriCapitalBettyJones-BlissPurdueUniversityBillRompBeckerUnderwoodJohnSchoeneckerHarrisMoranSeedCo.JimSchweigertGroAllianceTomWiltroutDowAgroSciencesKarenWithersPenningtonSeedRonWulfkuhleGreenLeafGeneticsfacebook.comSeedWorldtwitter.comseedworldmagSUBSCRIPTIONSSeedWorldispublishedsixtimesayear.NorthAmericansubscriptionratesareoneyearUSD70.00twoyearsUSD120.00.InternationaloneyearUSD95.00.Tosubscribepleaseemailsubscribeissuesink.com.Pleaserecyclewherefacilitiesexist.Nopartofthismagazinemaybereproducedwithoutthewrittenpermissionofthepublisher.PrintedintheUnitedStates. Buckhornoersanunmatchedselectionoreusablepackagingsolutionsdesignedtoprotectyourproductsandincreaseyourproftability.BuckhornsCenterFlowseedboxisthesaestmosteecientwaytotransportanddispenseallkindsoseed.Itstacksourhighhandlesloadsupto2500lbs.anddispensesseedquickly-inasastas30seconds.StopbyASTASeedExpoBooth313tolearnmoreaboutCenterFloworvisitbuckhorninc.omformoreinformation.US1.800.543.4454Canada1.800.461.7579www.buckhorninc.com2013BuckhornMyersIndustriesInc.040512BULKBOXESHAND-HELDCONTAINERSIBCsPALLETSSPECIALTYBOXES 4SEEDWORLD.COMINTERMSOFagindustrybuzzwordstheSwordisabigone.Andoreveryorumandvenueaddressingsustainabilitythereareasmanydefnitionsandmeaningsattachedtothewordaspeopleattendingthem.DefningsustainabilityislikedefningbeautyitsintheeyeothebeholdersaysGregRuehleCEOotheIndependentProessionalSeedAssociation.Tomeitssuchanebuloustopicthatiyoutrytodefneasinglesetotermsthatftalloagriculturewellbehavingthesameconversationadecadeormoreromnow.AlthoughdefnitionsorsustainabilitymaybeambiguousU.S.seedcompaniesarealreadyworkingwithinsustainablesystemsRuehlesaysevenitheyarenotlabelingthemassuch.Thesearemultigenerationalbusinessesandtheywouldnotbesuchbutorsustainableoperationsthataredeinedthroughproitabilitythroughsoundresourcemanagementandthroughsoundconservationpractices.ClearlythesecompaniessuccessullydemonstratesustainabilitythroughtheirmultigenerationalexistencesaysRuehle.Ithinksustainabilityisdemonstratedeverydaybyseedcompaniesallacrossthecountrytheyprobablydontthinkaboutitassustainablebutclearlytheseactionswouldbepartoanyreasonabledefnitionosustainability.AndyLaVignepresidentandCEOotheAmericanSeedTradeAssociationconcurs.Sustainabilityisbeingabletoeconomicallyoperateyourarmonanannualbasisandcontinuetoimproveyouryieldandthequalityoyouroperation.Iyourepassingaarmdowngenerationatergenerationthatssustainablehesays.ItdoesntmatterwhatpracticesyouusewhethertheyreorganicorconventionalbiotechoracombinationitshowyoumanageyouroperationIthinkthatshowanybusinessis.Foreveryindustrycorporationorganizationorindividualconsideringtheconceptthereareasmanyinterpretationsofwhatitmeanstobesustainableandthereinliesthechallenge.LaVignemaintainsseedcompaniesarebeingevaluatedontheirsustainabilityquotienteveryyear.Ourcustomerstellusonanannualbasiswhethertheproductwehavemeetstheirdemands.Thatsawayorustomeasureoursustainability.InactaccordingtoLaVignetheseedindustrycontinuestopushsustainabledevelopmentorwardinmanyways.Sustainabilityispartowhatwedoinouroverallresearchandbreedingprocesstoimproveyieldandtogrowstrongerplantstobetterwithstandpestsanddiseaseandweatherissues.Everythingwedointhatprocessistoimprovethesustainabilityotheindustry.OneexampleisLathamHi-TechSeedswhichintegratesimprovedgeneticsandtechnologyinitsproductpipelinewithaneyetosustainabledevelopment.AtLathamHi-TechSeedsweollowbasicgroundrulescombinetheindustrysbestgeneticswiththelatesttraittechnologiestoproduceproductsthatexcelinlocalgrowingconditions.Itisourhopethatbydoingthiswecanhavenotonlyapositiveimpactonthearmerslong-termsuccessbutontheenvironmentandsocietiesweservesaysShannonLathamthecompanysvicepresident.Howeverpracticingsustainabilitymaynotbeenoughgoingorwardwheretheindustrymustocusitsattentionisonshowcasingtheseexistingpractices.Ithinkagriculturehasstruggledwithpromotingitsownimageortootingitsownhorn.Somewouldsayagriculturesuersromacaseolaryngitiswhenitcomestopromotingitsworkintheareaosustainability.IthinkdemonstratingagriculturescollectivesuccessesissomethingwecanallagreewithsaysRuehle.Weprobablyarentdoingagoodenoughjobconnectingthedotssothatbothseedcompaniesandconsumeractivistscanseetheroleseedcompanieshaveplayedinpromotingandenhancingsustainabilityinagricultureortheuture.WHATSINAWORDTHECHALLENGESWITHDEFININGSUSTAINABILITY OCTOBER20135Forexampletheseedindustryhasembracedmanytechnologiesthatsupportpropersystemstodiscardtreatedseed.Nobodythinksaboutsharingwithaconsumerwhattheydowithregardtodiscardedtreatedseedbutthatisanexampleosustainabilitymakingsureseedindustrystakeholdersunderstanditsimportantthatabroadergroupopeopleunderstandthepracticestheyundertakeeverydayhaveapositivelong-termimpactonconsumersandonU.S.andworldagriculturesaysRuehle.Hestressesthatsharingseedssustainabilitystorymustbeacoordinatedindustryeort.GroupslikeIPSAASTAandstateandregionalseedassociationscanhavearealprooundroleinhelpingpullthatinormationtogetheranddevelopitasaunifedseedindustryresponsetosustainability.Themorethatwecandothroughacoordinatedeortthebetterowellbeasanindustrymovingorward.Lathamalsoemphasizestheimportanceoworkingtogether.Weneedtoproducemoreoodwhileusingnaturalresourcesmoreefcientlytohelpconserveandprotecttheenvironment.Noindustryorcompanycanmeetthesechallengesalonesoitsimportantweallworktogetherandleaveabetterenvironmentoruturegenerationsshesays.Oneimportantfrststeporanycoordinatedeortmaybedefningsustainabilityorthesectorbeoreothergroupsorentitiesinterpretsustainabilityinawaythatisnotsupportablebytheseedindustry.TheseedindustryneedstostepupanddefnethissaysRuehle.Agriculturehastohaveananswertocriticsoractivistswhomevertheyarethatwerecomortablewithratherthanallowingthatdefnitiontobepushedbackthroughthesystem.IwedonttakeanaggressiveroleasanindustryandbegintodefnesustainabilityonourtermssomebodyisgoingtotryanddefneitorusandIdontthinkwellliketheiranswer.AnumberolargecorporationssuchasWal-MartStoresInc.andUnileverPLCareincorporatingsustainabilityasakeybusinessdriver.AccordingtotheSustainabilityAssessmentoFoodandAgricultureSystemsactsheetSAFAforSustainabilityAssessmentMarketsorsustainableproductsaregrowingatratesarbeyondthegrowthomarketsorconventionalproducts.Howeverhavingentitiesoutsideotheindustrydeinesustainabilitymeasuresorthesectorisproblematic.Certaineortstodefnesustainabilityaredoingsoattherequestorbythedemandogroupswhodonthaveaworkingknowledgeoagriculture.ItsasmallgroupoactiviststryingtochangecorporateculturebyorcingthemintoamodelorsustainabilitythatranklyisnotverysustainablesaysRuehle.RatherthanworkingwithadeinitionosustainabilitydratedoralloagricultureRuehlesuggestssector-specifcdefnitionsmaybemostbenefcialtotheagindustry.WhenyoulookatagricultureingeneralromonearmtothenextAccordingtotheUnitedNationsFoodandAgricultureOrganizationsustainableagriculturaldevelopmentisthemanagementandconservationofthenaturalresourcebaseandtheorientationoftechnologicalandinstitutionalchangeinsuchamannerastoensuretheattainmentandcontinuedsatisfactionofhumanneedsforpresentandfuturegenerations.Suchsustainabledevelopmentintheagricultureforestryandfisheriessectorsconserveslandwaterplantandanimalgeneticresourcesisenvironmentallynon-degradingtechnicallyappropriateeconomicallyviableandsociallyacceptable.TheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturesNationalInstituteofFoodandAgricultureslegaldefinitionofsustainabilityisanintegratedsystemofplantandanimalproductionpracticeshavingasite-specificapplicationthatwilloverthelongtermsatisfyhumanfoodandfiberneedsenhanceenvironmentalqualityandthenaturalresourcebaseuponwhichtheagricultureeconomydependsmakethemostefficientuseofnonrenewableresourcesandon-farmresourcesandintegratewhereappropriatenaturalbiologicalcyclesandcontrolssustaintheeconomicviabilityoffarmoperationsandenhancethequalityoflifeforfarmersandsocietyasawhole.Ourbusinessmodelistosavepeoplemoneysotheycanlivebetter.Sustainabilityisakeybusinessdriverofthatconceptsavingmoneysothatpeoplecanlivebetter.WhenwelookaftersustainabilityandwevedonethisacrossourbusinessinouroperationsandinoursupplychainwehavefoundthatithelpsusfindopportunitiesforefficiencyitbettermanagesourriskandcreatesbetterpartnershipsandrelationshipswithkeybusinesspartnerssaidRobKaplanseniormanagerofsustainabilityforWal-MartStoresInc.whenaskedtodefinesustainabilityatBayerCropSciences8thAnnualAgIssuesForumlastFebruary.FOODFORTHOUGHTromonetypeobusinesstothenextromonesegmentoagriculturetoanotherweseetremendousdiversitythatsuggestsdefningsustainabilityatamicrolevelratherthanatamacrolevelwouldbemorelikelytosucceed.Maybetheseedindustryneedstobebegintodefnesustainabilityamongourgroupandbringthattothetablethesameorthelivestockindustrythesameorgraingrowersetcetera. 6SEEDWORLD.COMItsincumbentuponustogetbusydefningsustainabilityonourtermsandhelpingthelargercorporationslikeUnileverandWal-Martunderstandthatactionsinplacetodayareproventobesustainableandservesocietyinapositivewayratherthanwaitingoradefnitiontobeorcedupontheindustrythatisnotworkable.Anotherchallengemaypresentitselwhentryingtomeettheuturedemandsodieringsustainabilityrequirementsalongthevaluechain.IeachcompanyhasadierentstrategythenitmakesitverydifcultorthosesuppliersastheygoalongsaysLaVigne.InadditionLaVignecautionsthattryingtodeinesustainabilitycouldalsoplacerestrictionsontheindustry.Assoonasyoustarttodefneityouputlimitsonwhatssustainableandwhatsnot.Itsverydifculttoreallylookattherapidly-evolvingtechnologiesandthethingswereseeingintheseedindustrytodaywithinthoseparametersthatchangealmostonanannualbasisorus.Whatwedoallthetimeistoimprovesustainabilityintheseedindustryaswellasintheoverallagriculturalcommunity.Soworkingtodefneitwouldprobablylimititmorethanopenupopportunities.Onethingisclearduetothegrowingimportanceoseedinproductiondevelopingandcoordinatingadefnitivemessageaboutsustainabilityintheseedindustryisimperative.Asaseedindustrywehavetobecognizantothegrowingrolethattheseeditselplaysinagriculturalproduction.Todayseeddeliversthegeneticsandthebiotechtraitsitdeliversseedtreatmentsanditdeliversseedgrowthpromotants.SeedisresponsibleormoreelementsotheagronomicproductionthaneverbeoresowevegotabiggerroleasanindustrythanwevehadinthepastsaysRuehle.Thatbeingsaidweneedtobecomemoreproactiveandwehaveagreatstorytotellwejustarentbraggadociousaboutit.Wedontblowourownhornitsjustnothowolksinagricultureareraised.Theyrehumblehardworkingandtheyexpectthesameoothers.Fortunatelyorunortunatelytheworldischangingandwehavetodeliverourmessagedierentlythanwehaveinthepast.KariBelangerSeedindustryleadersAndyLaVigneShannonLathamandGregRuehlesayseedcompaniestodayarealreadyworkingwithinsustainablesystems.www.biodiagnostics.net715-426-0246507HighlandDriveRiverFallsWI54022WHENYOUVALUEACCURACYABOVEALLELSEProductintegrityisthemostimportantthingyoucanoerintodaysultra-competitiveseedindustry.Thatswhyourprocessesordeliveringaccuratedataareunsurpassedwhetheryouneedtoknowaboutgeneticandtraitpuritygerminationvigorseedtreatmentloadingratesoradventitiouspresence.WithproprietaryservicesliketheSuperColdTestandtestingpackageslikePure-ProductionBioDiagnosticsdeliversconfdenceefcientlyandcompetitivelyorunmatchedvalue.Putyourseedtestingconcernstorest.Contactustoday.THERESNEVERASEEDOFDOUBT. AtHomeandAbroadOurBusinessisSeedTodayPenningtonistheU.S.A.stopgrowerpackagerandconditioneroqualitylawnseedeldseedorageseedandbirdeed.Ourulltimeproessionalstafworkshand-in-handwithourglobalnetworkosuppliersinover60countriestodeliverwarmandcoolseasonturorageandreclamationseed.InadditiontooutstandingseedproductsPenningtonofersMassiveproductionandstoragefacilitiesinkeyregionsoftheU.S.AdvancedtechnologyandworldwidedistributioncapabilitiesExpertandecientdeliverytoanycompanylocatedanywhereonthefaceoftheglobeVastexperiencewithinternationalcustomsandutilizationofthemostecienttransportationavailableGlobaldistributionhasbeenpartofPenningtonsgrowthstrategysincethe1970s.LetushelpgrowyourbusinessFormoreinormationpleasecontactusatexportspenningtonseed.comInordertomeetthegrowingconcernoverexcesswaterusePenningtonSeedhascommittedtotheresearchanddevelopmentofnewgrassvarietiesthatcansurvivewithreducedorlimitedwaterwhilestillmaintainingoverallplanthealth.AskUsAboutOurWaterStarGrassSeedVarieties 8SEEDWORLD.COMPLANTBREEDINGLEADSeortstohelpproducersovercometheenormouschallengesposedbyclimatechangethroughthecreationonewseedvarietieswithimprovedgeneticsromgermplasmexhibitingstresstolerance.AreportbytheEuropeanSeedAssociationentitledClimateChangeandtheSeedIndustrysuggestsglobaltemperaturesmayriseby11degreesby2050andmorerequentandseveredroughtandloodingalongwithincreasedpressurerominsectsanddiseasewillposethebiggestchallengestoagriculturalproduction.IincreasedtemperaturesreducedrainallandchangingrainallpatternsbecomethenormthenitobviouslywillimpactthetypesoselectionsthatplantbreedersmakeandtheissuebecomesoneoeithertheneedorbetterbreedingselectionmethodologyorproducerschangingcropenterprisessaysC.WayneSmithchairotheNationalAssociationoPlantBreedersCommunicationsCommittee.TheChallengetoSeedK.RajaReddyaproessorinthedepartmentoplantandsoilsciencesatMississippiStateUniversityistheGlobalclimatechangemeanstheseedindustrycannolongerconductbusinessthewayitoncedid.co-authoroImpactsofChangingClimateandClimateVariabilityonSeedProductionandtheSeedIndustrywhichwasrecentlypublishedinthejournalAdvancesinAgronomy.InthepaperReddystatesClimatechangecanaectanumberoseedqualityactorssuchasreproductionlowerpollenviabilitypollinationandseedillsetsizedormancyandyield.Qualityseedproductioncanalsobeimpactedbychangingcropweedinteractionslossopollinatorbiodiversityandgeneticdiversitybroughtaboutbyclimatechange.WhileseveralstudieshaveshownthatincreasedlevelsocarbondioxideintheairincreaseplantbiomassandseedproductionanotherstudybyOhioStateUniversityresearchersmaintainsnitrogenlevelsinseedarereducedwithhigherCO2concentrations.Themajorimpactoclimatechangesaccordingtothereportwillbeeltinrain-edcropswhichaccountornearly60percentocroplandworldwide.InAdaptingCropstoClimateChangeASummarytheauthorssuggestthemajorabioticstressesexpectedtoincreaseinresponsetoclimatechangeareheatdroughtsalinitywaterloggingandinundation.Approximatelytwobillionpeopleworldwidealreadyliveinwater-stressedareasandthatfgureisexpectedtorisesubstantiallyastheeectsoclimatechangeurtherreducewateravailabilitywhichcanalsoleadtoincreasedsoilsalinity.Incorporatingstress-adaptivetraitsintocropsthatalreadyhaveastrongagronomicpackagewillbevitaltoprovideyieldstabilityintheaceochangingenvironments.Currentlydroughtheattoleranceandwater-useefciencyaresubjectsreceivingthemostocusinbreedingprogramsaroundtheworld.RainallpatternshavechangedsaysSteveBrownprogramdirectorotheTexasFoundationSeedServiceatTexasAMUniversity.Weseemajorcompaniesmovingintobiotechtraitsandgeneticmodifcationocropsthathavenotheretoorebeengeneticallymodifed.Themainthingtheyrelookingorappearstobedroughttoleranceandwater-useefciencyhesays.DealingwithVariabilityNewseedvarietieswillrequiretestingacrossevenmorelocationsandenvironments.ResearcherspredictthattheextremevariabilityolocalizedweatherconditionsandtheincreasedincidenceounpredictableextremeweathereventscouldposemoreoachallengeoverallBreedingforClimateChange OCTOBER20139ortheseedindustrythanlong-termclimateshits.LocalenvironmentsarebecomingmoreunstablesaysAllenVanDeynzedirectororesearchattheSeedBiotechnologyCenterattheUniversityoCaliorniaDavis.Themainchallengeortheseedindustryisvariationhesays.Theproblemisnowlocalstabilityinsteadoacrosswiderenvironmentsorgeographiesandsobydeaultyouareselectingorwidelyadaptedmaterialthatmaybeadaptedormorethanoneregion.BillTracyaproessoroagronomyattheUniversityoWisconsinsaysoneothequestionsthatmustbeaskedishowcantheindustrybreednewvarietiesorsuddenenvironmentalchangesInplantbreedingiitsconsistentlygettingwarmerordryerseasonaterseasonwecanbytheverynatureowhatwedobeadaptingorthat.Butintermsoextremeeventsandvariableeventswedontgenerallybreedorthat.HowdowedealwithhailHowdowedealwithsuddenandseverewindstormsItsverydifcultorabreedertomimicthoseenvironmentssotheyarehardertobreedorhesays.Despitethedifcultyitsaproblemlargeseedcompaniesarealreadytakingon.Inhybridcornbreedingemphasishasbeenplacedonstandabilityandlodgingresistanceunderextremewindconditions.TheyvedonethebreedingsowellthatnowwhenwegetincrediblyseverewindeventsthecornplantshavenothingtodobutsnaposaysTracy.Theywouldsnapobelowtheearwhichiscalledgreensnapandisdevastating.Breedersareawareothatandaredoingthingsaboutit.TheRoleofTechnologyAdvancesintechnologyhaveputmanymoretoolsintobreedershands.TechnologieslikemolecularmarkersandbioinormaticsandothertechniquesareexpeditingtheprocessoanalyzingandassessingtraitssaysAndyLaVignepresidentandCEOotheAmericanSeedTradeAssociation.ItsexpectedthatbreedingtechniqueswillcontinuetoplayaroleinadvancingcropvarietiesandhybridsbetteradaptedtoabioticandbioticstressesaswellasproducingplantsthatcancontributetothereductionogreenhousegasemissionsbyincreasingnitrogenandCO2input-useefciency.Asclimatechangepresentsadaptationchallengestonewenvironmentsbreedersarenowabletotakeasecondlookatthegeneticpotentialopastbreedingwork.Traitsthatmaynothavebeenasattractive1015or20yearsagoaremoreimportanttodaybecausewiththesenewtechniquesandabilitiesbreedersareabletolookatwhatsintheirlibraryandalthoughtheymaybecouldntteaseoutaspecifctraitpreviouslytodaytheyareabletosaysLaVigne.Intermsofextremeeventsandvariableeventswedontgenerallybreedforthat.HowdowedealwithhailHowdowedealwithsuddenandseverewindstormsItsverydifficultforabreedertomimicthoseenvironmentssotheyarehardertobreedfor.BillTracyBreedingEmphasisMajorieldcropssuchaswheatcornsoybeanscottonandcanolareceivealotmorebreedingattentionandundingthanminorcropswithloweracreages.ThatworriesTracyespeciallyaspublicbreedingprogramswhichotenpickeduptheslackintermsogivingattentiontominorcropsarebeingcutback.TheclassicexampleisoatssaysTracy.Oatsusedtobeamajorpartoourdairyrotation.RightnowthereisessentiallynoprivatebreedingooatsandonlymaybethreeorouruniversityoatbreedersletintheU.S.Itheclimatechangedinsuchawaythatoatsweresuddenlyacropthatitsbackintotherotationthereisnowaythataarmercouldsubstituteoatsbecausetheyarenotbeingbredtobeeconomicallycompetitivewithsomethinglikecorn.Ascropsgetletbehindinthebreedingsensetheyjustdontbecomeoptionsanymore.AsclimateschangeitmaybecomenecessarytoswitchtocropsthataremoresuitedtonewconditionsratherthanocusingonadaptingothercropstobemoreresilienttodroughtcoldheatorwhateverprevalentconditionsemergesaysTracy.Iyouwanttotalkaboutrealsustainabilityitsnotjustaboutmakingcropsthatarecurrentlytheemphasisbetteritsalsothinkingaboutthebigpictureandwhatothercropswearegoingtoneedtomakebettertoftintothosecroppingsystemshesays.AsconditionschangeaddsTracyarmersarealreadymakingshitsincropchoices.PotatoarmersintheCentralSandsareaoWisconsinintheaceoincreasingwaterlimitationsortheirirrigatedcropsareswitchingromlargevarietiesopotatolikeBurbanktosmallredpotatovarietieswhichuselesswater.Otherarmersareswitchingromfeldcornordairycattleeedtosweetcornorcanningbecausethesevarietiesuse50percentlesswater.TheseexamplesgivehintsaboutwaystobreedordroughttolerancesaysTracy.Thebigcornhybridcompaniesarebreedingordrought 10SEEDWORLD.COMtolerancebylookingorgenesthatwillactuallyincreasewater-useeiciencybutthereareothermechanismssuchasdevelopingshorterseasonvarietiesthatcouldbeusedalmostimmediately.ChangingPatternsofPestsandDiseasesOneothemostchallengingaspectsoadaptingcropstoclimatechangeismaintaininggeneticresistancetopestsdiseasesandweedswhichareallaectedbyrisingtemperaturesandvariationsinhumidity.Changingdiseaseandpathogendistributionsandincreasedmovementopathogensandpestsacrossvastgeographicdistancesallposesignifcantchallengestoagricultureinchangingclimates.Anexamplethatscientistsaredealingwithtodayisrustwhichhasmultipleracesandevolvesrapidly.SomeotherustracesaremovingarthernorthsaysBrown.Itsbeenachallengebecauseplantbreedingissuchalong-termprojectthatbythetimeyougetthegeneticresistancebuiltintheracesorusthavechanged.Butwevegotaewmoretoolsinourtoolchestnowadaysandthetechnologyallowsustoshortenthattimeromacrosstoaviablecommercialvarietyorhybrid.IncreasingincidenceovirusesisalsoamajorconcernespeciallyinSoutheastAsiasaysVanDeynze.Virusesarepropagatedbyinsectsandwearegettingboomsininsectpopulationswhichmeansboomsinvirusesassociatedwiththoseinsects.Weareseeingthatasahugethreatinthevegetableindustrybecausewedonthavetheresistancesorthem.FinancialImplicationsMostclimatechangemodelsconcludetheyieldpotentialomoststapleooditemswilldeclineinmanyproductionConveyorsGENTLEHandlingBIGCapacityLOWMaintenanceConveyorsTubeTransferDriveOverandUnderbinConveyorsBox2008130CanadaSt.WinklerMBR6W4B7Toll-free1-800-418-9461Phone204-325-4195Fax204-325-8116Websitewww.convey-all.comEmailinfoconvey-all.comCommercialSeedTendersSEEDMOREAcresperDayELIMINATESeedDamageCrossContaminationBulkSeedTendersPROVIDINGYouRELIABLEFASTEFFORTLESSOptionsBTS-410CSTTendersBTS-295WT290WeighWagonBulkSeedSitesTemporaryorPermanentOPTIONSAVAILABLEMiniScaleTowerSurgeBinsPST375PortableSeedTankClimatechangeisgoingtodemandincreasedfundingtoaddresstheseharderchallengesbecausewehavetodomoretestinginmultipleenvironments.AllenVanDeynzeenvironmentsandcommoditypriceswillriseasaresult.ThecostoseedproductionislikelytoincreaseasclimateschangebuttherewillcontinuetobeanexpectationrommembersothearmcommunitythattheseedindustrywilldevelopstrongerandmoreresilientvarietiessaysLaVigne.Therewillbevaluethere.Thetechnologytodoquickbreedingandhavequickturnaroundsisgettingveryexpensiveandtheseedindustrywillbeabletoputthatvaluebackintobreedingprograms.Becauseothehugecostinvolvedinresearchanddevelopmentseedcompaniesliesciencecompaniespublicbreedingprogramsandinnovativesmall-scaletechnologybusinessesareincreasinglyjoiningorceswhichhasresultedinagrowingnumberocollaborationspartnershipsandcross-useagreements.ContinuedandincreasinginvestmentsinresearchmustbemadeacrossmanycropssaysVanDeynzeinordertoovercometougherchallenges.Climatechangeisgoingtodemandincreasedundingtoaddresstheseharderchallengesbecausewehavetodomoretestinginmultipleenvironmentshesays.AngelaLovell 12SEEDWORLD.COMTHEUNITEDNATIONSestimatesthatbytheyear2030theworldwillneed30percentmorereshwaterand50percentmoreenergyandthatby2050wewillneed70percentmoreood.Thoseareprettydauntingnumbersbutwhatitreallyboilsdowntoistheagriculturalsectormustproducemorewithless.TalkodiminishingresourcesoragricultureisglobalinscopewehaveallheardaboutseveredroughtsinAricaandexpandingurbanareasinChinabutwhatsthesituationintheUnitedStatestodayJimGaneyglobalbiotechnologyaairsandregulatoryleadoragronomictraitsorDuPontPioneersaysbothdiminishedlandandwaterresourcesarecriticalissuesintheUnitedStates.ManysuraceandgroundwaterresourcesthroughouttheUnitedStatesareunderpressureromacombinationoindustrymunicipalitiesandagriculturehesays.RecentdroughtsespeciallyintheHighPlainsotheUnitedStateshaveimpactedarmerswhodrawwaterromtheOgallalaAquierandcreatedevenmorepressuretouseourwaterresourcemorecareully.Ganeysayslimitedwaterisimpactingsomeareasmorethanothers.TheCentralValleyoCaliorniawouldbeacaseinpointwherebotharmersandurbandwellersdependonthemeltingsnowpackromtheSierraNevadaMountainsortheirwatersupply.Indroughtyearslikewearenowexperiencingagriculturesuers.AsorlandGaneysaysthereisevidencethaturbandevelopmentisdisplacingproductionagriculturallandinsomeareasothecountry.Inactaccordingto2007landusedataromtheU.S.DepartmentoAgriculturethetotallandareaotheUnitedStatesis2.3billionacresothis17.7percentGROWINGMOREWITHLESSALREADYAREALITYINOURBACKYARDor406millionacresiscropland.ThisrepresentsadecreaseinAmericancroplandromtheUSDAs2002landusefgureswhichshowedcroplandcomprising19.5percentothetotallandareaor442millionacres.IntegratedSolutionsAlreadyHereAccordingtoOttoDoeringaproessorinthedepartmentoagriculturaleconomicsatPurdueUniversityansweringthechallengeodiminishedlandandwaterresourcesintheUnitedStatesissimpleWewillhavetoincreaseproductivityonexistingcroplandacresandcannotcountonadditionalacrescominginunlessatgreatcostenvironmentallyandfnancially.ThisneedtoincreaseproductivityorproducemorewithlessisalreadyhavinganimpactontheseedindustryintheU.S.AllothemajorseedcompaniesaswellasavarietyospecializedtraitdevelopersarepledgingagreaterocusonimprovingwateruseandimprovingyieldsandhaveincorporatedthatintotheirRDprograms.TheissuesodecliningwateravailabilityandincreasedusageolessproductivelandaswellasvariableweatherpatternsalldriveanincreasedneedorintegratedproductionsolutionswhichcombinesuperiorgeneticscropprotectionandcropmanagementtodeliverbetteryieldstabilitysaysDanDyerglobalheadorcornseedRDatSyngenta.ThechallengesodiminishingwateravailabilityoragriculturehaveledSyngentatorethinkwatersaysDyeraddingtheSyngentacropteamshaveestablishedwateroptimizationandlandoptimizationastwoareasoprimarystrategicocus.DecliningwateravailabilityintheUnitedStatesandlessproductivelandforagricultureacrossthecountryaredrivinganincreasedneedtoproducegreateryieldswithlessresources.ThankfullytheU.S.seedindustryisalreadyrisingtothechallenge. 14SEEDWORLD.COMIncreasingProductivityThemainissueatstakeisincreasingproductivity.WhileagriculturallandavailabilityhasdiminishedinsomeareasprimarilyduetourbanizationthegreaterimpacthasbeenthedemandonU.S.agriculturalproductivitytomeetthegrowingneedsoroodeeduelandfberwhichisdrivingtheneedorexpandedacreagesaysDyer.ThecombinedU.S.acreageothemajorrowcropscornsoyandwheatincreasedrom216millionacresin2000to230millionin2012accordingtotheUSDAsNationalAgriculturalStatisticsService.Tomeetthedemandgrowersarereturningtoproductionsomemarginalacreagethathadbeenidledromproductioninpreviousdecades.Thishasdriventhedevelopmentandcommercializationoarangeoyield-maximizingtechnologiesDyeradds.AsaresultothesenewtechnologiestheU.S.seedindustryhasalreadybeensuccessulatproducingmorewithlessinrecentyears.ProductionagriculturehasachievedmuchsuccessinincreasingproductivitysaysGaney.Thissuccesswillserveasaoundationorcontinuedimprovementanduturesuccess.GaneyliststheollowingexamplesoadvancingproductivityintheUnitedStatesFortypercentmoremaizeisproducedperacretodayintheU.S.withthesameamountsonitrogenandavailablewateras25to30yearsago.AverageU.S.cornyieldsin2012aseasonplaguedbydroughtacrossthecountryaveragedabout123bushelsperacrehigherthannon-droughtyearslessthan25yearsago.U.S.maizeproductionhasoneofthesmallestwaterfootprintsoanygraincroparoundtheworld.InirrigatedregionssuchasNebraskafarmerscommonlyproduce200buacrecornwithefcientirrigationanduseoinputsandtillage.CornarmingasbothascienceandanartsuccessullyadaptstoamyriadoenvironmentalchallengeseveryyearandtogetherwithtechnologyinnovatorslikeSyngentawillcontinuetodosolongintotheuturewroteChuckLeeheadocornorSyngentainarecentlettertotheeditorthatappearedonSeedQuest.com.ForexamplenewirrigationandcropproductiontechnologiesareenablingarmersinthewesternCornBelttomaintaintheiryieldswhilereducingwateruseby25percentwhichisapproximatelyfveacre-inchesortheequivalentoapproximately136000gallonsperacre.WhileagriculturallandavailabilityhasdiminishedinsomeareasprimarilyduetourbanizationthegreaterimpacthasbeenthedemandonU.S.agriculturalproductivitytomeetthegrowingneedsforfoodfeedfuelandfiber.DanDyerWaterOptimizationTechnologiesPerhapsthebiggestbreakthroughorincreasingproductivityhasbeenadvancesinplantbreedingwhichhaveenabledresearcherstoidentiyandselectgenesthatworktohelpplantsusewatermoreefcientlyandprovideseason-longdeenseagainstdrought.ForexampleSyngentahasdevelopedAgrisureArtesiantechnologyinwhichcornhybridsarebredtestedandselectedtoprovideupto15percenthigheryieldundermoderatetoseveredroughtstresswithoutsacrifcinghigh-endyieldunderthebestconditionssaysDyeraddingsimilarproducttypesareunderdevelopmentorothercrops.InadditionAvictaCompleteCornClarivaCompleteBeansVibranceandAgrisureDuracadeareallrecentproductreleasesromSyngentawhichsupporttheestablishmentandmaintenanceohealthycroprootsystemswhichiscriticaloroptimizingwaterusagehesays.AlsogrowersparticipatingintheWaterIntelligentIrrigationPlatormourintegratedsolutionorwaterandcropmanagementorirrigatedcornhavedemonstratedtheabilitytomaintainmaximumcornproductionwhileusing25percentlessirrigationwater.DuPontPioneersOptimumAQUAmaxcornhybridsalsoincreasesproductivityunderwaterlimitingconditions.OptimumAQUAmaxcornhybridsprovide8.9percentyieldincreaseunderwaterlimitingconditionsand1.7percentyieldincreaseundergoodconditionssaysGaney.GaneysaysPioneercornbreedershavebeenbreedingorstressconditionsormorethan50years.Ouragronomyandproductionteamshavebeenworkingonirrigationandagronomicmanagementorgrowingcornunderlimitedwatersupplies.ThePioneerbusinessindustry-leadingagronomyandresearchhashelpedgrowersimproveyieldsunderdroughtstressbyreliablyratinghybridperormanceandhelpinggrowersoptimizeplantpopulationsunderlimitedwateravailability. 16SEEDWORLD.COMMeanwhileMonsantohasthefirstbiotechsolutionforoptimizingwateronthemarket.MonsantosGenuityDroughtGardHybridssystemcombinesgermplasmselectedforitsdroughttolerantcharacteristicsthedroughttolerantbiotechnologytraitandagronomicrecommendations.Otheryieldmaximizationtechnologiescomefromseedcarecropprotectioncropenhancementandgrowthregulationproductsthathelpfarmersgrowhealthyandstrongcropsonlesslandorduringperiodsofwaterstress.Companiesarealsoofferingservicesthathelpgrowersbetterusetheiravailableresources.PioneeroffersthePioneerField360Servicewhichguidescustomerdecisionsonwhatandwhentoplantbasedonhistoricandpredictedenvironmentalfactorsandprovidesrecommendationsonirrigationschedulingandoptimalnitrogenratesandtiming.ThesetoolswhenwrappedaroundourhybridswillhelpgrowersbemoreproductiveandmoresustainablesaysGaffney.MeanwhileMonsantohasbroughtitsAquaViewSystemtomorethan300farmersinthewesternGreatPlains.AquaViewprovidesacompletelookatwatermanagementandcanenablefarmerstomanagetheirwaterlimitationsandrestrictionsbetter.InadditionMonsantosGothenburgWaterUtilizationLearningCenterinNebraskastrivestohelpfarmerslearnmoreaboutwateruseanddrought.BigPictureViewTheU.S.seedindustryisalreadydemonstratingacommitmenttoproducemorecropswithlessresourcesandthiswillcontinueinthefuturewiththeintroductionofevenmoretechnologies.SyngentaiscommittedtodeliveringthestepchangeinagriculturalproductivitythatisneededinasustainablewayallowinggrowerstooptimizelandandwaterusethroughadvancedproductiontechnologiesandintegratedsolutionssaysDyer.Gaffneysaysagronomicresearchingeneralinadditiontoadvancesinirrigationsciencevariablerateirrigationbettersensorsformonitoringsoilmoistureandimprovementsinsatelliteimageryforremotesensingarealreadydeliveringpracticalwater-savingopportunitiesforstressedcroppingsystems.ResearchandimprovementsintheseareaswillcontinuetoprovidevaluesaysGaffney.Asforabigpictureviewweneedtoensureouruniversityresearchprogramsremainhealthyandfunded.PublicsectorprogramsintheUnitedStatesandworldwidehavetraditionallyprovidedawell-trainedworkforceforagriculturalresearchandtheyhavebeenimportantpartnersfordevelopingresearchandproductsdevelopedbytheprivatesector.Agriculturaladvancesinthenext50yearswillrequirethesefunctionsmorethanever.Yesthenumbersaredauntingby2030theworldwillrequire30percentmorefreshwaterand50percentmoreenergyby2050wewillneed70percentmorefoodbuttheU.S.seedindustryisinauniquepositiontorisetothechallenge.PerhapsDoeringputsitbestTherearenoactualsolutionsfordiminishingresources.AndsincewecantmakemorewaterorcreatemorelandThequestionisHowarewegoingtoadaptJulieMcNabb 18SEEDWORLD.COMThedecisionbytheEuropeanCommissiontorestricttheuseofneonicotinoid-treatedseedwillhavemanyshort-andlong-termeffectsandnotjustinagriculture.SomeindustryexpertsclaimthecosttotheEuropeaneconomycouldeventuallynumberinthebillionsofEuros.INAFEWshortweeksthecontroversialrestrictiononneonicotinoidproductsincludingtreatedseedgoesintoeectacrossEurope.IntendedtohelppropupdiminishinghoneybeepopulationsthemovecomesatermanymonthsoimpassionedpoliticaldebatewithinEuropeanUnionnationsandtheEuropeanCommissionovertheecacyothetwo-yearrestriction.TherestrictionsontreatedseedcontainingthreeneonicotinoidpesticidesclothianidinimidaclopridandthiametoxamcomeintoeectDec.1althoughthetrueimpactonbeehealthwontbeknownorsometime.ButindustryexpertsasserttheeectsonagricultureandtheeconomywillbeeltimmediatelyandtheoverallcostotheEC-imposedrestrictionwillbestaggeringwithhigheroodpricesthousandsolostjobsandoveralleconomiclosseslikelynumberinginthebillionsoEuros.TheEuropeanCommissionsdecisionisasetbackorEuropeanagriculturesaysMartinGrussglobalheadoSeedGrowthproductsorBayerCropScienceamajorplayerintheseedtreatmentindustry.Restrictingtheuseoimidaclopridandclothianidinincropssuchasmaizeoilseedrapecottonandsunfowerswillputatriskarmersabilitytotacklethedestructivepeststhatcanseverelydamagecropsandrestricttheircapabilitytogrowabundanthigh-qualityaordableoodinEurope.ProjectCompassAssessesBenetsGrussreerstotheProjectCompassresearchreportpublishedbytheHumboldtForumorFoodandAgricultureinJanuaryothisyearwhichhesaysunderscorestheimportanceoneonicotinoidseedtreatmentstothecompetitivenessotheagri-oodchain.ThestudyauthoredbyThomasHahnandSteenNoleppaconcludesneonicotinoidtechnologyhasprovidedsubstantialbenetstotheEUandthatremovingthistechnologycomesataconsiderablecost.Thisstudyistherstcomprehensivereviewothesocio-economicandenvironmentalcontributiononeonicotinoidseedenhancement.Theauthorsestimatethatitcontributesmorethan2billionannuallytocommoditycroprevenuesandreducesproductioncostsby1billionacrosstheEU.TheyalsoconcludethatwithouttheiruseEuropecouldaceeconomiclossesoupto17billionoverave-yearperiodsaysEUROPEAFTERTHERESTRICTION GfasaccassaanDesignedbyLMCsleadingteamoresearcherstoprovidemaximumeciencydurabilityandprotability.TheLMCAsaoers3deningcharacteristicsthatnootherseparatorcan1.SiMpLepreCiSeoperationthatenablesmaximumprocessingeciencythrough-putandROI2.HeAvyduty14-gaugecarbonsteelconstructionthatguaranteesround-the-clockserviceandup-time3.CuStoMizAbLecongurationsthatoeryouthefexibilityyouneedoryouruniqueprocessingapplicationVisitwww.lewismcarter.comorcallLMCat1-800-667-6924toarrangeyourFREESeedAssessment.withthenewLMCAspirator 20SEEDWORLD.COMGruss.Inthelongtermthiswouldbeaccompaniedbyasignifcantincreaseinpestpressure.Averagegrowerincomescoulddecreasebyfvepercentand50000ull-timearmjobscouldbeimpactedintheEU.UnortunatelytheEuropeanCommissionreusedtoundertakeanimpactassessmentoitsownabizarredecisionwhenyouconsiderwhattheHumboldtstudydiscovered.Grusssaysacommondenominatorinthereportisalossincropyieldandconsequentlyproducerincome.TogiveyousomenumbersOilseedrapeyieldlossescouldamounttoasmuchas15percentleadingtoadropingrowermarginsoupto60percent.ApossibleplummetincornseedyieldsinFranceHungaryandRomaniathethreemaincornseedproducersinEuropecouldaectthesaetyothecornseedsupplythroughoutEurope.Alsoprocessorsothecommoditiesandin-lineconsumerswillbeimpactedbyincreasingpricesothereplacingimportedcommoditieshesays.TherestrictiononeonicotinoidscouldleadtotheuseoalternativeSomeindustryexpertsfeartheEuropeanrestrictiononneonicotinoid-treatedseedcouldleadtoahugedropingrowermargins.TheSeedSellerTrainingJournalisusedbycompaniesretailersandcooperativesacrosstheworldtohelptraintheirentiresalesforces.SeedSellerTrainingJournalwillhelpkeepyouandyourteamfocusedmotivatedandreadytosell.SeedSellerTrainingJournalisthemostcost-effectivetrainingtoolavailable.Subscribetodaywww.seedsellerjournal.comsubscribeSubscribetodaysellmoretodaySeedSellerTrainingJournal PONCHOVOTiVONOWAVAILABLEFORCORNCOTTONANDSOYBEANS.BayerCropScienceLP2TWAlexanderDriveResearchTriangleParkNC27709.Alwaysreadandfollowlabelinstructions.BayertheBayerCrossPonchoandVOTiVOareregisteredtrademarksofBayer.PonchoVOTiVOisnotregisteredinallstates.Foradditionalproductinformationcalltoll-free1-866-99-BAYER1-866-992-2937orvisitourwebsiteatwww.BayerCropScience.us.CR0812PONVOTA014V00R0Appliedonmorethan14millionacresofcornalreadyPonchoVOTiVOseedtreatmentfromBayerCropSciencehelpsfarmersachievehigherlevelsofproductionbyusingasystemicagentthathelpsprotectthewholeplantagainstinsectpests.PonchoVOTiVOalsousesabiologicalcomponentthatprotectsagainstnematodesduringearlydevelopmentleadingtohealthierstandsandlargeryields.Sogettreatedandgetgrowing.Contactyourseeddealerorvisitponchovotivo.ustolearnmore.SUREWECOULDTELLYOUABOUTTHEPOSITIVEEFFECTSOFTREATINGYOURSEEDS.BUTITREALLYBOILSDOWNTOTWOWORDS 22SEEDWORLD.COMAleaderinthedesignandmanufactureofpackagingautomationsystemsandequipment.Established1969.Refuge-in-BagSystems.Netandgrossweighapplications.Single-unitandbulkapplications.ElectronicBaggingScales.Netandgrossweighscales.Refuge-in-a-bagsystemsandSeedCalcenabledelectronics.BulkBagBoxDrumPacking.TaylorProductsIBC3000modulardesignallowscompleteflexibilityfromafree-standingmanualoperationtoafullyintegratedandautomatedsystemhandlingbagsdrumsandboxes.BAGGINGSOLUTIONSFORTHESEEDINDUSTRYELECTRONICBAGGINGSCALESBULKSTORAGEFILLINGREFUGE-IN-BAGSYSTEMSwww.taylorproducts.comTollFree888.882.9567Phone620.421.5550Fax620.421.55312205JothiAve.ParsonsKansas67357ExperienceEngineeringandEquipmentinOneNeatPackage.LEARNMORETHEORIGINALproductsmostwithalessavorableenvironmentalhumanandagriculturalprofle.Suchproductsmightbelesssaemorelandwillbeneededorintensivearmingtomeetdemandorcropsandmorecropproductionwillshitoverseasrequiringcarbon-intensivestorageandtransittoreachEuropeanmarkets.Inthelongtermanotherlossoanimportantsubstanceclassmaysignifcantlyincreasetheriskoresistancedevelopment.GarlichvonEssenheadotheEuropeanSeedAssociationagreeswiththeassessmentotheProjectCompassreportalthoughheeelseconomiclossesromthecurrentneonicotinoidrestrictionwilllikelynotbeassevereasthestudyindicatessincetherearesomeexceptionssuchaswintercereal.ButbecausetherestrictionappliestomanymajorcropsinEuropeitsstillaprettystaggeringfgurehesays.AsDec.1nearsvonEssenmaintainsitsbecomeincreasinglyclearthattheECdecisionhasbeentakenquitehastilyandtheconsequencesparticularlythepracticalityoimplementationhaveAhastydecisiontorestricttheuseofneonicotinoid-treatedseedwasblindlyadoptedtohelppropupdeclininghoneybeepopulationsacrossEurope. OCTOBER201323DaveWaldo.cell503-507-3499.oce503-838-6568.emaildaveuniversalcoating.net.www.ucoatsystems.comUniversalCoatingSystemsUCSystemshasdevelopedseedcoatingpolymersthatprovideasmoothevencoveragekeepingyourprotswiththeseednotinthebag.OurpolymerformulationsareavailableinmanycoloroeringsaswellasournewlytrademarkedUNICOATNUDEwhichgivesthecoatedproductanaturalseedappearance.UCSystemsalsohasthecapabilityofcustomblendingproductsforspecializedcustomerrequirements.SeedCoatingTreatingPolymersforTodaysDemandingMarketSuperabsorbentpolymerallowstheseedlingtosurviveforlongerperiodsbetweenwaterapplicationevents.Thiscoatingprovidesasmoothevencoatsignicantlyreducingdusto.UNICOATOurprimaryconcernisthatrestrictingtheuseofneonicotinoidsdoesnothingtoaddressthekeybeehealthissuesnamelytheVarroamiteandhabitatloss.MartinGrussnotbeenverywellthoughtthrough.Forexampleitsstillunclearjustwhatistobedonewiththevastamountoneonicotinoid-treatedseedstockstillinthehandsoEuropeanarmersorsittingonshelvesatagriculturalcooperativeslocaldistributorsandseedcompanieshesays.VonEssenaddsseedshortagescouldbeanotherconsequenceotherestriction.AccordingtoGrussBayerCropScienceremainsconvincedthatneonicotinoidsaresaeorbeeswhenusedresponsiblyandcorrectlyaccordingtothelabelinstructions.Currentscientifcevidencehasoverwhelminglyconcludedthattheincreasedmortalityobeesasitsbeenobservedinsomepartsotheworldislargelyduetoacomplexsetoactorshesays.GrusscondemnedtheECorchoosingtoignorethelongtrackrecordothesaeuseoneonicotinoidsaswellassignifcantstewardshipimprovementsorseedtreatmentthathavebeenimplementedinrecentyears.OurprimaryconcernisthatrestrictingtheuseoneonicotinoidsdoesnothingtoaddressthekeybeehealthissuesnamelytheVarroamiteandhabitatlossandthattheECdecisionhasthereoredistractedattentionromocusingonaddressingtheactorswhichcouldreallyimprovebeehealth.ProspectsforReintroducingNeonicotinoidsTheECdidleavethedooropenortheeventualreintroductionothebannedpesticideswhenannouncingitsdecisionearlierthisyear.AsstatedontheECswebsiteAssoonasnewinormationisavailableandatthelatestwithintwoyearstheCommissionwillreviewtheconditionsoapprovalothethreeneonicotinoidstotakeintoaccountrelevantscientifcandtechnicaldevelopments.HowevervonEssenbelievesstatementssuchasthiscontributetothemyththatitwouldbepossibleto 24SEEDWORLD.COMEquippingAgRetailersandProducersSince1974BulkSeedSitesNovoSeedCarePrescriptionManagementSystem800-247-1854SeedBoxesTreatersSeedPodsSeedOrderonline247Farmchem.comTendersConveyorshandlingtreatmentequipmentandquicklyreintroduceneonicotinoidstotheEuropeanmarketitherisktobeesisdeemedtobenegligible.OncetherestrictionexpireshesaystheproductswouldneedtobereevaluatedtheneitherrejectedoracceptedandsubsequentlyauthorizednotbytheECbutbyregulatoryauthoritiesinEUmemberstatesaprocessthatcouldtakeyears.InvonEssenswordsWedbestartingatzero.VonEssenbelievesthecomplexpoliticalregulatorysystemsandgrowinganti-technologysentimentswithinEuropewillcontinuetohinderusageopesticide-treatedseedandothercropprotectionproducts.HecitestheECsdecisionthispastsummertoimposeasimilartwo-yearrestrictiononfpronilaBASFinsecticideasthelatestexample.ThepoliticalrameworkunderwhichweallandthatmeansthecropprotectionindustriesseedtreatmentcompaniestheseedcompaniesbutalsoarmersthemselvesoperateinEuropeisandwillcontinuetobeaverydifcultone.ThereisalotopressureormoreandmoreregulatoryoversightinparticularotheagriculturalinputindustriessaysvonEssen.IthinkitmighttakesometimeuntiltheEuropeansunderstandthattheyreprettymuchalonewiththewaythattheyhandlethings.IIlookatthediscussionsaboutagricultureinSouthAmericaintheU.S.inCanadagenerallythereisunderstandingthatweneedtoproducemoresustainablywedontwanttocutdownrainorestsweallwanttotakeWEBTheProjectCompassreportonthevalueofneonicotinoidseedtreatmentinEuropecanbefoundatneonicreport.comhomeproject-compassWHEREONTHEcareocarbondioxideemissionsandsoorth.Mostotherestotheworldseesagriculturaltechnologiesinthewidersenseashelpultoolsinthisprocesshesays.WhereasmanyEuropeanssoarstillthinkthatlesstechnologyandlessmodernizationandgoingbacktoalowinputagricultureissomeormosolutionvonEssenadds.ThishesaysisanothermyththatisstillpersistentinEurope.MarkHalsall INNOVATIVECLEANINGSYSTEMSCONTACTUSTODAYFORFULLSPECSANDPRICING.3400109thStreetDesMoinesIA50322800-247-6755www.bratney.comFORFOREIGNMATERIALREMOVALFeaturingCimbriaTechnologyforthegrainfeedmillingandprocessingindustries.UtilizingproprietaryCimbriaprocesstechnologywithcapacitiesupto15000bushelshour.Full-rangeproductlinePrecleanersCombiCleanersMegaCleanersIndentedCylindersCimbriacleaningsystemsdeliverprovenperformancewiththeabilitytoremoveforeignmaterialsandoff-producttomeetyournishedclientproductspecications.ThetechnologyisalsosupportedbyBratneyCompaniesservicesofdesignconstructionandequipmentinstalla-tiontomaximizetheresultsofyourinvestment. Lowsupplyandhighdemandarefuelingpriceincreasesinforageandturfgrassmarkets.LIKEALLMARKETSorageandturgrassmarketsaresubjecttothelawsosupplyanddemand.Acrosstheboardthereareanumberoactorskeepingpricesupincludinglowcarryoverinventoryrisinggrowerpricescompetitionoracresandlowyieldstonameaew.Despiteallothesechallengesorperhapsbecauseothemmarketexpertsexpectpricestoremainstronginto2014.TurfMarketBillDunnexecutivevicepresidentandgeneralmanageratSeedResearchoOregonbasedinCorvallisOre.saysrisingpricesintheturmarketaretiedtoanumberoissuesinOregonnamelypooryieldsandcompetitionoracres.Risinggrowercostshavealsobeenanissue.Whilegrowercostsontallescueshaveremained26SEEDWORLD.COMFEASTorFAMINEfatincreasingbylessthantwopercentperennialryegrasscostshesayshaveincreasedsome12percentromlastyear.SupplyanddemanditsreallyallaboutthatsaysDunn.Eveniyourcostsarehigherandyourcompetitionshigherithedemandisnttherethenthepricesdontrise.Currentlycarryoverinventoriesparticularlyonperennialareatthelowestlevelweveseenin10years.DemandmightbesteadybutDunnthinksthehigherpriceswillorcesomesuperintendentstoeitherlimittheiracresorlookoralternatives.Theirbudgetsaresetearlyandtheydidntaccountora12percentincreaseinthecostogoodshesays.Dunnsayshesbeenseeingashittolowercostitemslikeintermediateryegrassesinthegolcourseoverseedingbusinessorawhilenow.Theresalsoimprovedannualryegrasseshesays.Typicallytheyarelightgreenwithaverybroadlea.Nowthebreedershavedevelopednewvarietiesthataredarkerandner-textured.Theyrecomingintoplayacrossthesoutherntier.Theyhavehigheryieldssotheycomeinatalowercost.Peoplearealsousingcombinationproductsoperennialsmixedwithturannualsandturintermediates.SteveTubbspresidentoTurMerchantsInc.inTangentOre.agreesthatmarketsareasstrongastheyveeverbeen.Probablynotbecauseweregoodsalesmenthoughorbecausetheresbeengoodmarketrecoverybutbecauseoverypooryieldshesays.WeatherhasbeenahugeactorTubbsaddswithanunusualheatwaveinAprilollowedbyawetsummerontheEastCoastandseriousdiseaseproblems.SouthCarolinaandGeorgiaarehavingrecordlowtemperaturesalreadysowerenotseeingthepotentialora 28SEEDWORLD.COMreallygreatallbutitsgoingtobeosetbytheactthatouryieldsaredisappointingsaysTubbs.Wethinktheylloseteachothersopriceswillstaystrong.AnothercontributingactorsaysTubbsiscompetitionoracres.Mostgrassesaregrownonnon-irrigatedheavyclaysoilthatstandsinwaterallwinter.Historicallywheathasntbeengrownintheregionbecauseitrotsbutwiththereturnothewheatmarketsome500000acresograsshasbecome300000acresograss.Theother200000acreshavebeenreplacedbywheat.WheatisaveryeasycroptogrowsaysTubbs.AlotoguysaretilingthegroundandOregonStateUniversityhasrampeduptheirwheatprogramsotheyredevelopingnewstrainsowheatthatdobetterintheVillametteValleyspecifcallyboostingyieldsandtoleranceordampness.AswheatprovestobemoreeconomicallyviablegrowersresistmovingbackintograssespeciallysinceitsexpensivetogrowsaysTubbs.Butitsnotjustwheat.Growersarelookingtoalternativecropssuchashazelnutsandblueberriesevencovercrops.Hazelnuttreestakeivetosevenyearstobearnutshesays.Butitsapermanentreductionograssseedacresobviouslybecausetheyregoingtobeorchards.WhentimesaregoodTubbssaysproducerscangross50000anacreromblueberrieswhilegrassseedmightgross1500.Oregonhasalsoseenanincreaseincovercrops.Cloverproductionorinstancehasincreasedbysome14millionpoundsinthepastfveyearsuprom10millionpoundsto24million.BryanMuntzwhoispresidentoboththeOregonSeedAssociationandIntegraTurInc.basedinAlbanyOre.agreesthatcompetitionoracresissti.Iyoureaarmeryouvegotalotooptionstogowithhesays.Itsbeenkeepingourinventoryincontrol.Itsreallyhardtooverproducewhenitsreallyhardtogettheacresinthefrstplace.WithinventoriesdownandyieldslowerthananticipatedMuntzexpectspricestoremainstronginto2014.Itsreallyhardtotalkabout2014thoughhesays.AskmeinanothermonthwhenwestartlookingintoSeptemberandthefrstpartoOctoberandwestartseeingwhatweveactuallygotplantedandhowtheweatherslookingorthenextcoupleomonths.Aterthatwellhaveabetterindicationowhatwerelookingator2014.Risingpricesintheturfmarketaretiedtoanumberofissuesnamelypooryieldsandcompetitionforacres.PhotoscourtesyofTurfMerchantsInc. EmpoweringyoutodifferentiateprotthriveGreenLeafGeneticsLLCisproudtoprovidehigh-performingAgrisuretraitsanddiversecornandsoybeangermplasmtotheindependentseedcompanymarket.WithGreenLeafyoullhaveAlargeup-to-dateselectionofplantgeneticsAccesstonewproductsandtechnologyassoonastheyreavailableThelatesttraitsfromSyngentaAdviceandfriendlyservicefromexpertsyoutrustCountonGreenLeafforthenewestthemostadvancedthebestforyourcustomers.800.445.0956www.greenleafgenetics.com2013Syngenta.AgrisureGreenLeafGreenLeafGeneticstheAllianceFramePurposeIcontheGreenLeaflogoandtheSyngentalogoaretrademarksofaSyngentaGroupCompany.MW19GL3008-P1513 30SEEDWORLD.COMForageMarketWhatshappeningintheoragemarketisverysimilartowhatisgoingonintheturmarket.Acresareindeclineandsuppliesarelowbutbecausedemandisstillhighpricesaretoo.RobinNewellseniorbusinessmanagerooragesorDuPontPioneerinDesMoinesIowasaysalalaacresintheUnitedStateshavebeeninsomethingoalong-termdeclinedrivenprimarilybytwomaintrends.Oneistheuseomorecornsilageondairiesandthesecondisincreasingcommodityprices.Togetherbothtrendshavedrivenproducersawayromalalaandtowardcropswithasterincreasesincommoditypricing.AsaresultalalaacreshavegoneintoadeclinewhichseemstohavestabilizednowsaysNewell.Butbecauseotheseloweracreswealsohavehigherhayprices.Withthesehigherhaypricesitnowseemstheselastcoupleoyearstheresmoreinterestinplantingnewacresoalala.IthinkandthisisjustmyopinionthatascornpricescapitulateandothercommoditypricesmoderatehereIanticipatethepotentialormorehayacrestobeplantedoverthenextcoupleoyearsaspeoplerebalancetheircropmixNewellcontinues.AndIthinkcommoditypricingwillhelpdrivethattooespeciallyihaypricesstayhighoverthenextcoupleoyears.MattFantaoForageGeneticsinShoreviewMinn.agreesthatoragemarketshavebeenheavilyinfuencedbylowsupplyhighdemandandcommodityprices.IntheUpperMidwesttherewasquiteabitowinter-killthathappenedinMinnesotaWisconsinandIowaandthatacilitatedalotogrowersreplacingalotoalalastandssaysFanta.Butwealsoseealotodemandinthattheresnotalotooragesoreedinthemarketplaceandsothevalueothoseoragescontinuestoincrease.Fantaexpectsthatdemandwillremainstrongwhichisconsistentwithwhathesseenoverthepastcoupleoyears.ThevalueassociatedwithoragescontinuestobestrongbutitispartotheoverallvalueincommoditiesingeneralsaysFanta.Goodqualityorageshelpanimalsproduceandwellcontinuetoseeademandorthosequalityoragesinthemarketplace.MelanieEppSupplyanddemandarekeepingpricesupintheforageandturfgrassmarkets. OCTOBER201331 Ascolonylossespeakindustryplayersarecomingtogethertoconductresearchinhopesofbroadeningknowledgeoftheintricaterelationshipbetweencropprotectantsandhoneybeehealth.Inrecentyearstheneonicotinoidclassofchemicalshasbeenpubliclyassociatedwithhoneybeehealthdeclines.HoweverDennisvanEngelsdorpanassistantresearchscientistattheUniversityofMarylandsaysanewresearchstudytitledCropPollinationExposesHoneyBeestoPesticidesWhichAltersTheirSusceptibilitytotheGutPathogenNosemaCeranaepublishedinthescientificjournalPLOSONEindicatesitistheinteractionofmultiplepesticidesthatisaffectingbeehealthinadditiontomanyotherexternalfactors.BillHairstondirectorofproductdevelopmentforBayerCropSciencesSeedGrowthDivisionagreesthatmultiplefactorsareinvolved.MostscientistsincludingtheEnvironmentalProtectionAgencyandUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgricultureexpertsareinagreementthatbeehealthisassociatedwithmultiplestressorsHairstonsays.Large-scalefieldstudieshaveshownthatcolonydeclinecorrelatesstronglywiththeQUICKFACTLarge-scalefieldstudieshaveshownthatrecentdeclinesinhoneybeepopulationsarelikelyconnectedtoparasiticmitesanddisease.CommercialbeekeepersacrossNorthAmericahavebeenwitnessinglossesofhoneybeecoloniesforseveralyearsnow.Whileneonicotinoid-basedpesticideshavetakenmuchoftheblamepubliclyhoneybeeexpertscautionthattherelationshipbetweencropprotectionproductsandbeehealthisextremelycomplicatedandresearchisstillinitsinfancy.protectingpollinatorsCROPPROTECTANTSANDHONEYBEEHEALTHpresenceofparasiticmitesanddiseasesbutnotwithagriculturalpesticidesincludingneonicotinoids.OneofthemostimportantfactorsistheVarroamiteaparasitethathasbeenclearlylinkedtocolonydecline.Otherimportantfactorsincludepoornutritionlossofhabitatandtheneedtooptimizehivemanagementpractices.InthevanEnglesdorpstudyresearcherscollectedpollenasbeesreturnedtothehiveafterpollinatingcrops.Wecollectedthepollenpelletsandanalyzedthoseforpesticidesandwefoundanawfullotofpesticides.Infacttheaverageamountwasninedifferentpesticidesandupto21differentpesticidesfromonepollensamplesaysvanEngelsdorp.ThemostcommonpesticidesresearchersfoundwerethosebeekeepersapplythemselvestocontrolVarroamites.Aftermiticideschlorothalonilacommonly-usedfungicidewasthenextmajorproductfound.Wewerentexpectingtofindfungicidestobeamajordriverbutwedid.Sothereisquiteabitofworkthatneedstobedonetheretodeterminewhatisgoingon.Itcouldbedoingsomethingtothebeesstomachliningsoritcouldbeaffectingtheirimmunesystems.saysvanEngelsdorp.Supportedby32SEEDWORLD.COM21differentpesticides Thestudyalsofoundthatneonicotinoidsmiticidesandchlorothalonilarenottheonlyproductsbeingfoundinpollensamples.Theyareallapartofthisconcoctionthiswitchesbrew.ItisamazinghowmanydifferentproductswearefindingoutthereandsothatisanotherfactorweneedtolookatinourresearchwhatdotheseproductsdoincombinationwithoneanothersaysvanEngelsdorp.NEONICOTINOIDSSMOKINGGUNORBLAMEGAMEVICTIMInthepublicarenaneonicotinoidshavetakenmuchoftheblameforhoneybeehealthdeclines.Howeverrecentscientificstudiesdonotofferconclusiveevidencelinkingcolonydie-offstoneonicotinoids.Wecertainlydoseenegativesublethaleffectsinfeedinglowlevelsofneonicotinoidstohoneybeesbuttherehasntbeenalotofevidencetoshowcolony-leveleffectssaysvanEngelsdorp.Iftheseeffectsarehappeningtheyarehappeninginaverysublethalwaywhichisaverydifficultthingtotestandmanage.Themainconcernisspecificallyinthedrillingprocesswhenthetreatedseedsarebeingplanted.Theissueisgettingthatseedinthegroundinasafeway.Thishasbeenproblematicandneedstobemanaged.Dustproducedwhenplantingtreatedseedhasbeenthemostcommonrouteofneonicotinoidexposuretohoneybees.Producersofcropprotectionproductshavebeenworkingwithindustrystakeholderstominimizethedustreleasedintotheenvironmentfromtreatedseedatplanting.Wehaveanewfluencyagentareplacementforthetalcandgraphiteusedbygrowersinpneumaticplanters.TalcandgraphitehelpreducefrictionandimproveuniformityofplantingbutcanincreasetheamountofdustreleasedfromplanterexhaustandraisethepotentialforunwantedexposureofseedtreatmentproductstohoneybeesexplainsHairston.BayerCropScienceisworkingonareplacementthathasbeenshowntodramaticallyreducetheOCTOBER20133333ItisamazinghowmanydifferentproductswearefindingoutthereandsothatisanotherfactorweneedtolookatinourresearchwhatdotheseproductsdoincombinationwithoneanotherDennisvanEngelsdorpCropprotectionproducershavebeenworkingwithindustrystakeholderstominimizetheamountofdustreleasedintotheenvironmentfromtreatedseed. 34SEEDWORLD.COMtotaldustfrompneumaticplanterexhaust.Wehavebeenworkingwithplantermanufacturersandhopetointroducethisproductforthe2014plantingseason.Hairstonalsopointsoutthatneonicotinoidshaveinsomeinstancesreplacedoldermoreharmfulcropprotectants.Whileindustrystakeholdersworkonimprovementstotheplantingprocessmanyclaimthatneonicotinoidseedtreatmentsincomparisonwithalternativesarestillthemosteffectiveandsafewaytoprotectcropsglobally.NeonicotinoidseedtreatmentsarehighlypreciseapplicationsthathavereplacedolderchemistrybecausetheyaremoreeffectiveincontrollingdestructivepestsreduceworkerexposureandalsohaveamorefavorableenvironmentalprofileexplainsHairston.Benefitstothegrowerareimprovedemergencehealthierplantsandincreasedyields.Removingtheseproductswouldbeharmfultofarmersandwithnoappreciablebenefittobeehealth.ADIFFERENTWAYOFQUANTIFYINGRISKSThispastAprilregulatorsinEuropeagreedtoinstituteatwo-yearrestrictiononmostneonicotinoidproductsincludingtreatedseedinanefforttoreversethetrendofplummetingbeepopulations.TherestrictionswhichtakeeffectinDecemberhaveledtoincreasedpublicpressureinNorthAmericaforregulatoryagenciestoimposesimilarrestrictions.ButmanyindustryexpertsandregulatorsinNorthAmericaclaimitistooearlyinthescientificprocesstomoveforwardwithanyproductrestrictions.InEuropetheyhaveadifferentwayofquantifyingrisks.ThereyouhavetoshowthattheproductissafeandthatisthereasondecisionsaremadeexplainsvanEngelsdorp.WhereinNorthAmericayoumustshowadverseeffects.Itisacompletelydifferentwayofthinkingaboutaproduct.UsingtheEuropeanstandarditmakessensetheproductisbannedbutthatisaEuropeanstandardthatisnotthesamestandardthatisbeingappliedhere.AccordingtoDavidFischerheadofBayerCropSciencesenvironmentaltoxicologyandriskassessmentgroupregulatoryagenciesinNorthAmericaarealsoevaluatingneonicotinoids.HoweverEuropewentaheadwiththebanasaprecautionwithoutdefinitivescientificevidencehesays.Wearegoingthroughthesameprocessherebutwewontbanonaprecautionweneedtohaveconclusivescientificevidence.QUICKFACTBayersBeeCareCenterwillbeconductingresearchonVarroamitecontrolandtheeffectitcouldhaveonhoneybeehealth.IndustryexpertssayitwouldntmakesenseatthisstagetoimposerestrictionsontheuseofneonicotinoidsinNorthAmericaasisbeingdoneinEurope. OCTOBER201335SupportedbyFUTUREINITIATIVESTheseedsectorscientificcommunityandindustrystakeholdersaremakinghoneybeehealthapriorityandcontinuetodevelopmoreinitiativesaimedatprotectingpollinators.OurstewardshipmeasureshavebeendevelopedandimplementedinclosecooperationwithmanyagriculturalstakeholderswhichisatthecoreofourBeeCareProgram.IngeneralthisprogramincludesbeehealthresearchtrainingandeducationproductstewardshipandthecreationofaBeeCareCenterinNorthAmericawhichwillopenin2014andwillcomplementanexistingfacilityinGermanyexplainsHairston.ExpertsattheBayerBeeCareCenterwillbeconductingresearchonVarroamitecontrolimplementingtheSentinelHivesProjectincooperationwithbeekeepersandfarmersdevelopingbestmanagementpracticesforseedtreatmentsandcreatinganewfluencyagenttoreducepotentialplantingdustexposurestoforaginghoneybees.Aspartofitsstewardshipprogramseedsamplesfromcustomerswillbemonitoredtoconfirmdustabrasionstandardsarebeingmet.Everydayknowledgeonhoneybeebiologyisadvancingandagriculturaltechnologycontinuestoevolve.Expertsinnumerousfieldsareworkingtodevelopbettersaferandmoreeffectivewaystobalancehoneybeehealthandourglobalfoodsupply.SustainableagriculturedependsbothonpollinatorsandoncropprotectionproductssaysHairston.Collaborationamongallstakeholdersresearchersmanufacturersfarmersandbeekeepersisessentialifwearetomeetthechallengeoffeedingahungryworldonlimitedarableland.JenGolletzCollaborationamongallstakeholdersisessentialifwearetomeetthechallengeoffeedingahungryworldonlimitedarableland.BillHairstonBeekeepershaveanessentialroletoplaywhenitcomestobalancinghoneybeehealthwiththeglobalfoodsupply. 36SEEDWORLD.COMSINCE2011atermorethanadecadeoproductdevelopmentandaprolongedderegulationbattleRoundupReadytechnologyhasbeenavailabletoAmericanalalaproducers.InadditiontothisbiotechsolutiontoweedcontrolinalalagrowerscouldreapthebenetsoasecondGMtraitpromisinghigherqualityalalawithinthenextewyears.AnapplicationbyMonsantoandForageGeneticsInternationalorderegulationoanewGMalalageneticallyengineeredorreducedlignincontentandimprovedoragequalityiscurrentlyunderreviewbytheU.S.DepartmentoAgriculture.WeretremendouslyexcitedaboutreducedligninwhichistherstoragequalitytraitinGEalalasaysMarkMcCaslinvicepresidentoresearchorFGI.Ivebeentalkingaboutitatgrowermeetingsthelastthreeorouryearsasweweredoingthediscoveryphaseandproo-o-concept.Theresalotoexcitementamonggrowers.Ligninisastructuralcomponentoalalaplantsthatisindigestiblebylivestock.Thenewtraitwasdevelopedbysuppressingakeyenzymeduringtheplantssynthesisoligninresultingina12percentlowerlignincontentaccordingtothederegulationpetitionbeoretheUSDA.Ratherthanputtinganewgeneinwetookanexistinggeneandturneddownthevolumecommonlycalledaknockout.SoromaregulatorystandpointitsalittledierentsaysMcCaslin.Iwouldntsaythatwillexpeditetheregulatoryprocessbutitprobablysimpliessomeotheanalysis.Thedevelopersothenewtraitmaintainreducingligninmayprovidemorefexibilityorgrowerswhotypicallyonlyhaveashortwindoworreapingalalabeorelignincontentincreasessubstantiallyandcropqualitydeclines.Inproducinghigh-qualityalalatherearetrade-osbetweenorageyieldandoragequality.Alalasoragequalitydigestibilityandproteinishighestduringtheearlygrowthstages.Aterearlygrowthorageyieldwillincreasebutoragequalitydecreases.ThisisbecauseasthetimebetweencuttingsgrowslongeroriplantsareharvestedatlaterstagestheyieldpercuttingmayincreaseduetomorestemsandlargerstemsexplainsKathleenMcAleenanspecialtycropsbusinessmanagerorMonsantoCompany.Ontheotherhandoverlymatureorageislessnutritiousbecauseoitshigherbercontent.Otentimesgrowersareacedwithtoughchoicesbetweenquantityandqualitywiththeiralalaacressotheresinherentlyalotoriskinthedecisionsgrowersmake.Becauseothismanygrowerscontinuetobeveryinterestedinthepotentialbenetsthatreducedligninalalacanbringtotheiroperationsheadds.AdvancingAlfalfaFollowingthesuccessfulintroductionofRoundupReadyalfalfaanewgeneticallyengineeredtraitisintheworksthatpromisestodeliverahigherqualityforagecrop.PhotocourtesyoQuentinMaupinGrowerQuentinMaupinfllsuphisplanterwithDekalbRoundupReadyalalaseedashepreparestoplanthisfeldinParadiseKan. OCTOBER201337 38SEEDWORLD.COMmultipleseedseparatorhttpen.woksm.comEmaillzokwoksm.comTel869318235779Fax869318235907ChinaJiuquanOkSeedMachineryCo.LtdThegoalothereducedlignineortistoprovidearmerswithharvestfexibilitywhenadverseweatherequipmentailureorcompetingarmactivitiesariseandtobettermanagetheyield-qualityrelationshiportheiralalaorageproduction.McAleenansaystheaddedyieldorqualitypremiumwillbenetbothgrowersandusersoalala.High-qualityalalaindairycattlerationsincreasesmilkproductionwhilecontrollingeedcostsbutgettingenoughhigh-qualityalalaisanon-goingchallengeasgrowersmusttypicallysacriceyieldorqualitysheexplains.Becauseotheimportantrolealalaplaysinadairyoperationsprotabilitywebelievethisparticularagriculturalinvestmentwillmakeapositivedierenceorgrowersseekingtoproducemorehigh-qualityhay.MonsantoandFGIalsoteameduporRoundupReadyalalageneticallyengineeredtoresistglyphosateherbicides.WevehadacoupleosalesyearsnowandwereeelinggoodabouttheactthatarmersarendingvalueinthetraitsaysMcCaslin.Itsauniquetoolorweedcontrolinalalaespeciallyduringestablishmentbutalsoorcontroloperennialweedsinestablishedstands.Inlate2011theUniversityoCaliorniareleasedtheresultsoasurveythatshowed72percentorespondentswhogrewRoundupReadyalalawouldgrowitagain.FGIhasconducteditsownmarketresearchthatechoesthosendings.WevedonequiteaewgrowersurveystotrytogeteedbackromthegrowersintermsotheirexperiencewithRoundupReadytechnologyandwhatweseegenerallyinallpartsothecountryisthosegrowerswhoaretryingitarereportingtousthattheyvehadapositiveexperienceandareplantingmoreacressaysMcCaslin.McAleenanagreesthatRoundupReadyalalacontinuestobewellreceivedbygrowerscitingarecentgrowersurveyinwhich97percentousersreportedbeingsatisedwiththetechnology.Growersrecognizethatweedcompetitionintheestablishmentyearreducesalalayieldpotentialandoragequalityoverthelieothestand.Thesegrowersknowthatbetterstandsmeanmoreproductivitylongershesays.Weveaskedearlyadopterswhattheylikemostabouttheproductandtimeandagainwehearthatthetechnologymakesourgrowersliveseasierandthattheaddedyieldpaysorthetechnologyinyearoneothestandslie.McCaslinsaysthenewGMtraitsbeingintroducedbyFGIandMonsantoarecreatingquiteabuzzthroughoutthealalaindustryandnotjustamonggrowers.ToaddvaluetotheseedisagoodthingbothortheindustryandorAmericanagriculture.Ithinktheindustryisgoingbesupportiveoanythingthataddsvaluetocropsandhelpsarmersbemoreprotablehesays.Anythingthatmakesgrowershappytheindustryisexcitedabout.Thatstrueorusasacompanyandtheseedindustrygenerally.ForthisreasontheolksatFGIareparticularlyexcitedabouttheprospectocombiningRoundupReadytechnologywiththereducedlignintraitcurrentlyinthepipeline.Wethinkbothothesetraitsaddsignicantvalueandfexibilityorgrowersintermsodoingabetterjobcontrollingweedsprovidingmorefexibilityincuttingmanagementandincreasingthelikelihoodoproducinghigh-qualityhayorwhichtheygetpaidapremiumsaysMcCaslin.MarkHalsallREDUCEDLIGNINalalawasdevelopedbytheConsortiumorAlalaImprovementagroupcomprisedoresearchersromtheU.S.DairyForageResearchCentertheNobleFoundationDuPontPioneerandForageGeneticsInternational.Foundedin2001theCAIrepresentsauniqueunionogovernmentprivatenon-proftandor-proftscientistsdedicatedtoimprovingalalacharacteristicssuchasyieldnutritionalcontentanddigestibility.Thereasonweputthisconsortiumtogetherwastherealizationthatcompaniesandinstitutionshavelimiteddollarstospendorthesereallylong-termbigpictureprojectssaysMarkMcCaslinFGIsvicepresidentoresearch.BycombiningresourcesCAIresearchershavebeenabletomovethemarkinalalaresearchanddevelopmentheadds.Thereareprobably20scientistsamongtheourorganizationsthatmettwiceayeartomakeallthishappenMcCaslinsays.Ithinkitsagreatexampleoanunconventionalrelationshipoorganizationsthatareallcommittedtomakingasignifcantchangetoalala.BIGPICTUREPROJECTS AGRAspecializesinthecompleteseedplantfacility.WemanufactureequipmenttohelpyouateverystepoftheprocessfromourmaterialhandlingsystemstoourpatentedGEN-ELbucketelevatorstoourhigh-capacityhuskchoppersystemstooursingle-passdouble-passandcombinationseedcorndryers.Everythingwedoistailoredtotakeyouefcientlyfromstarttonishthroughtheentireseedproductionprocess.Fromreceivingtohusk-sortandchoppingtodryingshellingbulkstorageload-outsizingbaggingandwarehousestorageAGRAhasacustom-designedsolutiontomeetyourneeds.DesignEngineeringSteelFabricationMillwrightErectionEquipmentInstallationProjectManagementConstructionManagementProjectAssuranceSolutionsTurnkeyfromtheGroundUpSpecializedinSeedSpecializedindesign-buildseedconditioningplantsgrain-handlingequipmentandbulkstoragefacilities.Committedtomeetingeachofourcustomersspecicneedswiththeultimategoalofensuringqualityandefciency.AGRAistheseedindustrystopchoiceforgeneralcontractors.excellenceinTurnkeyAbility.Reliability.TMAGRAIndustriesAgProcessingandBio-EnergySystemsAGRAIndustries1211WWaterStreetMerrillWI54452800-842-8033www.AgraInd.comAGRAIndustries SEEDWORLD.COMAFTERASUMMERbreakmembersotheU.S.CongressreturnedtoWashingtonD.C.inmid-Septemberwithahetystackoissuestoaddressincludingthelanguishingarmbill.Butwithescalatinginternationalissuesandloomingdeadlinesrelatedtothedefcititappearsthecomprehensivedocumentthatdictatesundingandoperationsoreverythingromdisasterrelieandcropinsurancetonutritionprogramsandagriculturaljobinitiativeswillonceagainbeputonthebackburner.TheinabilityolawmakerstofndcommongroundontheAgricultureReormFoodandJobsActo2013isdisappointingandrustratingtothoseinvolvedinagricultureincludingtheseedindustry.DebateOverCutsSlowsProgressInlate2012CongressailedtoreauthorizeanewarmbillandthispastJanuaryitoptedtotaganine-monthextensionontotheexistinglawcalledtheFoodConservationandEnergyActo2008.ThatextensionwassettoexpireonSept.30.InthemeantimebothHousesoCongresshavetakendivergentroads.TheDemocratic-controlledSenateeasilypasseditsversionothearmbillinMaybuttheRepublican-ledHousevoteddownacomprehensivepackageinJunechoosingtoseparatethearmandnutritionprogramsandonlyvoteonandpassthearmportioninJuly.Thereisalotouncertaintyandrustrationaboutthearmbillasthediscussionsandnegotiationshaveliterallydraggedonoryears.AlthoughanyimpactontheseedindustrywillnotbeeltimmediatelywhenthebillexpiresonSept.30thelongerthebilltakestobeinalizedthemorelikelywearetoacetheveryrealprospectotherebeinglessmoneyavailableortheoverallbill.Thiscouldimpactnotjustthenutritionandcommodityprogramsbutalsothelesswell-knownpartsothebillliketheconservationresearchandtradepromotionprogramssaysJaneDeMarchivicepresidentogovernmentandregulatoryaairsortheAmericanSeedTradeAssociation.FRUSTRATIONMOUNTSOVERSTALLEDFARMBILL40DELAYSOVERTHEPROPOSEDFARMBILLCOULDCAUSEEVENMOREFEDERALFUNDINGCUTSINTHEAGRICULTURALSECTOR. OCTOBER201341TheSeedKOTErangeofproductsisdesignedwithseedenhancementinmind.KannarEarthScienceLtd.2220NorthmontParkwaySte250DuluthGA30096Phone678475-1155Fax678623-5849www.KannarGroup.comUseKannarSeedKOTEcolorantsandpolymerswithconfidenceAPEFreeSuitableforuseasinertsinfood-usepesticideformulationsUSEPAFREETRIALOFFERTryourtruecoatingsolutiontodemonstrateoursuperioritycompatibilityandeaseofuse.IntensecolorsallseedsCropspecificpolymersVisitwww.kannargroup.comfreeseedexperience 42SEEDWORLD.COMBothversionsalreadycallorsignifcantspendingcuts.Thatsalludedtointheuseoreorminthebillsofcialtitle.AsaresultotheHouses2014budgetlegislatorsweretaskedwithfnding31billionworthocutsduringthenext10yearsinthecommodityandconservationtitlesplus130billioninthenutritiontitle.TheSenatewasaskedtoidentiyatotalo23billionworthosavings.AtthemomentadebateoverjusthowdeepproposedcutstotheoodstampprogramshouldbeiswhatsreportedlypreventingtheHouseoRepresentativesromcompletingitsfnalversionothebill.AtthetimeowritingavoteontheoodstampcutswasscheduledorthethirdweekoSeptember.IthatproposalisapprovedajointconerencecommitteewouldthenneedtomeetandreconciledierencesbetweentheHouseandSenateversionsbeoresendingthefnalbilltoPresidentObamaorhissignature.WhathappensithatisntaccomplishedsoonUnitedStatesDepartmentoAgricultureSecretaryTomVilsackhaswarnedatradeagreementwithBrazilcouldbeinperilasoOct.1.ThatagreementwhichstemsromacottondisputehasprotectedtheUnitedStatesrompayingouthundredsomillionsodollarsintaripenaltieseveryyear.Otherprovisionslikethedairysupportsprogramwouldntdissolveuntiltheendothecalendaryear.StakeholdersCantAffordtobeQuietAlthoughtheclockistickingDeMarchisaystheindustryisbuoyedbysignsthatHouseleaderswanttomoveorward.TherearestillmanyvariablestobeworkedoutbetweentheHouseandSenatebutultimatelyweknowthattheleadershipandmembersotheHouseandSenateAgricultureCommitteeshavethebestinterestsoagricultureinmindshesays.Stillitscrucialthatstakeholderscontinuetocommunicatewiththeirelectedleadersandpushoraction.WeareurgingeveryonetoweighinwithmembersoCongressandaskorafve-yearbillthatisgoodorallcropsandallpartsothecountry.AllpartsoagricultureincludingtheseedindustrycantaordtobequietDeMarchiadds.MariaBrownJaneDeMarchisaysongoingdiscussionsaboutthefarmbillhavecausedplentyofuncertaintyandfrustration.WeareurgingeveryonetoweighinwithmembersofCongressandaskforafive-yearbillthatisgoodforallcropsandallpartsofthecountry.JaneDeMarchi 44SEEDWORLD.COMINTERNATIONALAGRICULTURALDEVELOPMENTBYDENNISTHOMPSONOpportunitiesandChallengesinAfghanistanWARDROUGHTANDsocialcollapsehavegreatlyimpairedlandmanagementandagriculturalproductionsystemsinmuchoAghanistan.Reconstructionordevelopmentisneededtocreateastrongercommercialagriculturalsectorincludingseed.Beyondanimmediateneedorincreasedsecurityandstabilityaprimarydetrimentinthecountryisagenerallackoeectivemanagementowaterandlandresources.Toestablishabaselineoragriculturalsustainabilitythesekeyresourcesmustrstbebettermanaged.JohnGroningeraproessorosilvicultureorestryatSouthernIllinoisUniversityandaprimarysourceoinormationorthiscolumnholdsauniqueperspectiveontheagriculturaldevelopmentstatusoAghanistanwhichheormulatedduringhisninein-countryresearchandserviceexcursionssince2005.HisinsightblendedwithpersonalexperienceandobservationleadstotodayscolumnwhichoersthoughtsandinsightsintohowcommercialagricultureandtheseedindustrymayevolveinAghanistan.GroningersieldexperienceinAghanistancanbelikenedtothatobasicresearchperormedinalaboratorysettingasopposedtobeingappliedresearchconductedattheieldlevel.Hisworkhascontributedsigniicantlytotheoverallbodyoknowledgerelatedtoagriculturaldevelopment.WhatmighttheseedindustrysurmiseromhisinvestigationsandexperiencesAswithpeelinganonionstripawaythelayersdealingwithpopulaceanddevelopmentworkersecurityaswellasthoserelatedtoeectivewaterandlandresourcemanagementpoliciesplentycanbegleanedromwhatremains.LetsviewtwocontrastingphysicalandsocialenvironmentswithinAghanistan.InoneinvestigationGroningerdealtwithwatershedhealthandproductivityissues.HisexperiencetookplaceinperhapsthecountrysleastsecureDENNISTHOMPSONISDEDICATEDTODELIVERINGSOLUTIONSANDEMPOWERINGPEOPLEANDORGANIZATIONSTOSOLVECOMPLEXPROBLEMSRELATEDTOINTERNATIONALAGRICULTURALDEVELOPMENTANDGLOBALFOODSECURITY.HISCAREEREXPERIENCEANDINTERNATIONALCREDENTIALSINCLUDEEXTENSIONEDUCATIONAGRONOMYANDADMINISTRATION.StarkdenudedareaslikethisoneareprevalentinmanyregionsofAfghanistanandposeasignificantchallengeforgrowers.PhotoscourtesyofJohnGroningersoutheasternregionKhostPaktikaandPaktyaprovincesandarguablyitmayexempliyaworst-casescenarioorrapiddevelopment.AlanWaltersaproessorovegetablebreedingatSouthernIllinoiswasleadresearcheronavegetableproductioninvestigationinnorth-centralBalkhprovincewhichwasrelativelysecurebyAghanstandards.Waltersexperiencemaydepictabest-casescenariointhatashorterperiodotimemayberequiredbeorerecognizableresultsromdevelopmentaleortscanberealized.BEST-CASEOBSERVATIONSSignicantpotentialpresentlyexiststourtherdevelopandexpandthealreadyexistingcommercialvegetableproductionindustryasevidencedbyWaltersinnorthernBalkhprovinceinthattheclimateisaridsoilsareavorableandtheworkorceisabundant.Thisistrueinthepresenceoanexistingstrongdomesticmarketandpromisingexportmarket.Governmentocialsmorethanproducersrecognizetheneedorimprovedcultivars.Mostothecultivarscurrentlyplantedarelandracesandthereispotentialtobothincreaseproductionandvegetablequalitywiththeintroductionocultivarsbetterabletoadapttospeciclocalizedclimatesandenvironments.Thevegetableindustrythushasthepotentialtoueldevelopmentoavalue-addedagriculturalsectorwithinthenationsagriculturalindustry.WORST-CASEOBSERVATIONSUpperwatershedregionspronetolandslidesavalanchesandfashfoodsarelargeanddisproportionatecomparedtothe OCTOBER201345smallerareasotheproductivelandbasegenerallylocatedonnumerousarableterracesandinvalleybottoms.Theseactorscombinedwithhighlyvariablemonsoonprecipitationratespresentmajorchallengesoragriculture.Culturalvaluesheldbynomadicpeopleintheregionaectagriculture.Theacceptedpracticeomovinglivestockeitherupordownawatershedtoutilizeseasonallyavailableorageaormotranshumancehasledtopersistentovergrazingandgeneralexploitationopreciousrangeresources.Successuldevelopmentmayirstrequirerehabilitationograsslandsandshrubsinconjunctionwithadaptationoimprovedrangemanagementpractices.Secondlyincreasedhillslopeterracingeortsmayberequiredtostabilizemanywatersheds.Ultimatelyamoreefcientirrigationinrastructuremayneedtobedevelopedtounderpinawide-rangingagriculturalindustry.SEEDINDUSTRYIMPLICATIONSThepotentialortheseedindustryextendswellbeyondthatwhichmaybehighlightedbythetargetedworksoGroningerandWalters.Alalawheatandricearecurrentlythreeimportantcommercialcrops.Farmersmightexpecttobeneitromaconsistentinluxoimprovedseedstocks.IrrigatedwheatisgrownasaprimarystaplecropcontributingheavilytocaloricintakeintheAghandiet.Productionromirrigatedwheatalsogeneratescashrevenueromgrainsales.Furthermoredry-landwheatisgrowntoprovidelivestockeedandodder.Alalaisgrownasgroundcovertoenrichorchardsoils.Itisalsogrowncommerciallytosatisycommercialoragedemandwithinthelivestockindustry.Inadditionriceproductionhasreceivedincreasedemphasisinrecentyearsasaresultoitbeingyetanotherdietarystaple.Collectivelyalalawheatandriceoermoreimmediateopportunitiesortheseedindustry.ThecasemadebyWaltersorarapiddevelopmentothevegetableproductionsectorincludingthepotentialbeneitromimprovedseedspeaksoritsel.ThecasemadebyGroningerwillrequirealong-rangeapproachandsustainedocusuponrangestabilizationandmanagementinconjunctionwithenhancingruminantcamelbeeanddairycattlegoatsandsheepanimal-basedagriculturalsystems.Asmoreviablesystemsoanimalagricultureemergetheytoowillcontributetothebuildingotheseedsectoralthoughtheimpactwillbelessdramaticasthedevelopmentperiodwillbelongerthanwithvegetablescerealgrainsandlegumes.Managementoexistingplantlieonrangesremainsextremelyimportant.Theintroductionoimprovedgrassesorbsandlegumesmayyetbeanothermeansoimprovingrangelands.Increasedlevelsoorageproductionwillberequiredtokeeppacewithgrowingneedsorharvestedlivestockeeds.Feedstusmorenutritiousthantraditionalsourcessuchascropresiduesweedsromallowareasandrootsromharvestedareaswillbeindemand.Foragecropseedwillberequired.Aslivestocksystemsbecomemorehighlydevelopeddemandorsuppliesoreadilyavailableeedgrainsorincorporationintoanimaldietscanbeexpectedtoencourageincreasedlocalgrainproduction.Excessgrainbeyondwhatmaybeneededtosatisylocallivestockeedrequirementsmaythenbemarketedtogenerateadditionalarmincome.Thiscycliceectwillcreateyeturtherneedorseedstocksopreerredeedgraincropstokeeppacewithgrowinglivestocknumbers.DevelopmentoastrongercommercialagriculturesectorinAghanistanmustbegintoevolvetoproperlysetthestageorconcurrentdevelopmentoaviableandsustainableseedindustry.Potentialexistsinseveralareasbeginningwiththeneedtostabilizesoilandimproverangelands.Otherareashavingpotentialincludeincreasingproductionlevelsocerealgrainoragelegumeandvegetablecropsandtherelatedneedorimprovedseedstocks.AlthoughtherustrationsodevelopmentproessionalsareclearanduncertaintyremainsGroningerbelievesthatAghanistanmaywellbestandingatthebeginningoaprosperousperiodandthatinmanyareassignifcantprosperityisalreadyapparent.Creativeparticipationandengagementinthedevelopmentprocessmayleadtonewopportunitiesorseedentrepreneurs.Agricultureandparticularlytheseedsectorremainsadynamicanddevelopingindustryever-changingandconstantlyevolving.Youplayavitalrole.DoitwellThiscommercialfarminsoutheastAfghanistannearthePakistaniborderisanexampleofthepotentialthatexistsinthecountrysvegetableindustry. 462013MeridianManufacturingInc.RegisteredTrademarksUsedUnderLicense.www.meridianmfg.cosmoothoperatorMeridianSmoothWallbinsofferindustryleadingqualityandersatilestoragecapacity.-BUILTTOSTORE.timesaverMeridiantakestheworkoutofloadingseedintoyourplanterordrilldecreasingthedowntimeinthefeld.-BUILTTOMOvE. 47cleanrunningMeridianconeyorsallowforeasyandisibleadjustmentseliminatingtheneedforadjustmentlinkageateitherend.-BUILTTOMOvE. 48SEEDWORLD.COMTHESEEDINDUSTRYlostmorethanapillaroknowledgewiththepassingoKurtAustermannearlierthisyearitalsolostoneoitsbestriends.Austermann62passedawayFeb.9ollowingabattlewithcancer.AustermannwasaixtureintheAmericanseedindustryornearly40yearsworkinghiswayupromhisfrstjobasanoutsidesalespersonin1975atMangelsdorSeedtovicepresidentoseedorthecompanyollowingitsacquisitionbySiemerEnterprisesInc.HealsoservedtermsaspresidentotheWesternSeedAssociationtheSouthernSeedAssociationandtheSouthernFieldSeedCouncil.Earlierthisyearhewasnamedco-recipientotheSouthernSeedAssociationsManotheYearAwardorhismanyyearsodistinguishedservice.WhileAustermannswealthoknowledgeotheseedindustrywassecondtononeitwillbehisriendshipthatwillbemostsorelymissedsayriendsandormercolleagues.Hewasextremelypersonable.Hedalwaysaskyouaboutyourwieyourdogyourkids.Hewasalwayshappytotalktoyou.IneverknewhimtohaveabaddayorbecrosswithanybodysaysTurMerchantsInc.presidentSteveTubbswhoknewAustermannormorethan30yearsandconsideredhimamemberohisamily.Kurtwasoneothosepeoplewhowouldtellyouhelovedtheseedbusinessbecauseoalltheriendshemade.Sometimesitshardtoberiendswithacustomerorcompetitor.Kurtwasneverlikethat.Hewasriendswithanybody.Hewouldtellyouthatoneothejoysotheseedbusinesswashiscompetitorswerealsohisriends.Ithinkthatisprettyrare.Icantimaginehehadanenemyintheworld.WendellHowardinternationalseedmanagerorWarnerSeedsInc.sharedaconnectionwithAustermannthatdatedbackmorethan50years.TheveryfrstloadoseedheeversoldwastoAustermannsdadRobertbackin1961.HealsoworkedwithAustermannontheSSAsboardodirectorsandthetwobecameastriendsovertheyears.Howardsayshisriendslongevityintheseedsectorwasatestamenttobothhishonestyandhisintegrity.Itshowedhewasrespectedbyhispeers.HeconductedhimselinanethicalmannersaysHoward.InourbusinessIsometimestradeahalamilliondollarsworthoseedonjustmyword.Youcantdothatwithpeoplewhoarenothonest.Youhaveareputationinthisbusinessandbelievemeitprecedesyou.IsomeonedoesntactrightitllgoovertheU.S.likewildfre.IKurtwantedmetogethimsomethingIneverworriedaboutit.Never.OneothehighlightsoAustermannsseedcareerwashavingtheopportunitytoworkwithhisatherEverybodysFriendFormerSouthernSeedAssociationManoftheYearKurtAustermannpassedawayearlierthisyear.Colleaguesrecallthemanandhisimpactontheseedsector.atMangelsdorSeeduntiltheelderAustermannsretirementin1990.HewasoldschoolandIwasnewschoolAustermannsaidinabiography.HetaughtmetheinsandoutsotradingseedandhowtobuyatourKy-31escuebuyingyards.Weplayedoeachotherprettywell.Austermannwasanavidbaseballanandspentcountlesshoursasavolunteerumpireorachurchyouthleague.HealsoenjoyedthegreatoutdoorsandmaderegularpilgrimagestoCanadatofshwithriends.Healsohadareputationorenjoyingalaughwithriendsandcolleagues.EvenjustacoupleodayspriortohisdeathhehadriendsinstitcheswhentheyvisitedhisSt.LouisMo.home.Kurtwasvivaciousineverysenseotheword.HehadawayoputtinghumorintoeverythinghedidsaysRichardTaylorexecutivevicepresidentotheSSA.Henevermetastranger.EvenwhenKurtwasdiagnosedwithcancerhealwayshadapositiveattitude.Heknewtheendwascomingandcomingsoonbutheneverletthatchangehisattitudeatall.OnethingeveryonewhoknewAustermanncanagreeonistheactthathislosshascreatedahugevoidasarasknowledgeotheMidwestseedindustryisconcerned.Therearecertainpeopleincertainareasothiscountryyoucancallthemandaskthemandtheycantellyouprettymuchaboutanythingaboutit.IntheMidwesternUnitedStatesKurtwasthatsaysHoward.Itsthat40yearsocumulativeknowledgeaddsTubbs.Somuchoitsalmostinnatebythatpoint.TobringayoungpersonintothebusinessandteachthemwhatKurtknewIdontknowhowyoudothat.JimTimlickKurtAustermannwasarespectedandrecognizablefgureintheU.S.seedsector. Performance4Fourfoldcompetenceinproductsservicescoatingsandequipment.Fourfoldfocusonyourneeds.BayerSeedGrowththefullyintegratedsystemforon-seedapplications.Performance4fromasinglesource.Visitourwebsitewww.seedgrowth.bayer.comtolearnmore. Aeaturedsegmentdesignedtosharebusiness-criticalinormationtoseed-sellingproessionals.VisitSeedWorld.comtodownloadthisdepartmentandothertoolstohelpyousellseedtoarmers.ConrmingSeedOrdersSTRATEGYAeaturedsegmentdesignedtosharebusiness-criticalinormationtoseed-sellingproessionals.VisitSeedWorld.comtodownloadthisdepartmentandothertoolstohelpyousellseedtoarmers.ASKHALFADOZENseedsmenortheirdefnitionsotraitstewardshipandoddsareyouwillreceivesixdierentresponsesinreturn.Inessenceseedtraitstewardshipencompassestheentireliecycleoaproductromitsinitialdevelopmentallthewaythroughtoitseventualdiscontinuation.Itoutlinesinveryspecifctermswhattherequirementsaretogrowaspecifcproductwiththeaimoensuringitssustainabilityanduseoverthelongerterm.Whilespecifcstewardshippracticesvaryromproducttoproductandromcroptocroptheoverridingprinciplebehindthemissimilartoguardagainstinsectresistanceandensureviabilityandregistrationregardlessotrait.ThatisdefnitelyabigpartoittoextendtheliespanandmakesureitsgoingtocontinuetomeettheneedsotheusereectivelysaysMartyTurnerstewardshipandcompliancedirectororSTEPLtd.whichwasestablishedin2003asaserviceprovidertoagriculturalmanuacturerstohelpthemeducatedealersabouttherequirementsotheproductstheysell.Ourobjectiveisalsotoprotecttheenvironmentandmakesuretheproductsarebeingusedproperly.BlendedRefugeHelpingIncreaseProducerBuy-InThebiggestchallengewhenitcomestotraitstewardshipisgettingallgrowerstoullybuyintotheconceptandollowallotherequirementsprovidedbythemanuacturer.Whilethemajorityogrowersacceptandcomplywithtraitstewardshiptherecontinuestobereluctanceamongsometodoso.Iwoulddefnitelysaythereisarangeobuy-insaysTurner.Somemaybe100percentonboardandbelieveWehavetodothisweneedtoabidebytherequirements.ThenthereareotherswhothinkThereareenoughotherolksarounddoingitIdonthaveto.MarkFosterstewardshipstrategyleadorMonsantoCompanysayshethinksthevastmajorityogrowerswanttodotherightthingasarastraitstewardshipisconcerned.ChallengesarisewhengrowersdontrealizetheimportanceoMarkFosterisMonsantoCompanysstewardshipstrategylead.SEEDTRAITSTEWARDSHIPISHIGHPRIORITYFORGROWERSANDSEEDRETAILERS.WEREFOCUSEDONBOTHTHEWHATANDTHEWHYSOTHATGROWERSNOTONLYUNDERSTANDWHATTHEYNEEDTODOBUTUNDERSTANDHOWTODOITCORRECTLYANDWHATBENEFITTHEREWILLBEFORTHEMTODOITCORRECTLY.MARKFOSTER50SEEDWORLD.COM alltherelevantinormationtheyneedintermsostewardshiprequirementshesays.Thatswhyitisimportantorretailerstocommunicatetogrowersnotonlywhattheyneedtodobutwhyitsimportantorthemtodoso.IsitbenefcialorthegrowertobeollowingastewardshipplanIsitpracticalandcantheyunderstandandimplementitontheirarmasksFoster.Communicationisoparamountimportance.Wereocusedonboththewhatandthewhysothatgrowersnotonlyunderstandwhattheyneedtodobutunderstandhowtodoitcorrectlyandwhatbenefttherewillbeorthemtodoitcorrectly.Buy-incomesromthewhy.Iyoudontarticulatethewhyproperlythatswhenyoucanseesomechallenges.OneencouragingsignisthenumberogrowersbuyingintotraitstewardshiphasbeensteadilyincreasinginrecentyearssaysTurner.Heattributespartotheincreasetoincreasededucationeortsbybothmanuacturersandretailers.Iveseenabigincreaseindierentavenuesogettingeducationouttherebillboardsradioadsmailingsnewspaperandmagazineadvertising.TheresdefnitelybeenanincreaseinthatinthepastewyearsTurnersays.Perhapsthebiggestactorinincreasinggrowerbuy-inhasbeentherecenthereortherebecausethesupplyranoutortheyhadtoreplantorsomereason.Theirpopularityisaresultoacoupleothings.Oneisthattheproductworks.No.2itsjusttheeaseoit.Theydonthavetoactorinaseparatereugeandchangeouttheirseedboxesorwhatevertheymightneedtodotomakesuretheymeetthoserequirements.Andthereuge-in-a-bagproductshavealowerpercentageoreugerequiredsotheresahigheryieldoverallbecausetheycanplantlessreuge.introductionoblendedreugeproducts.Blendedreugecombinesaboutfvepercentreugeineachbagoseedanddoesntrequireanadditionalstructuredreuge.Turnersaysacceptanceoblendedreugeproductshasbeennothingshortophenomenal.Itsbeendifculttofndgrowerswhoarenotusing100percentintegratedproductsinsomeareashesays.TheoneswhodontaskoraewbagsRetailersneedtocommunicatetogrowerswhyitsimportantforthemtofollowthecorrecttraitstewardshipplan.OCTOBER201351 RandyWilkenpresidentoAshkumIll.-basedProHarvestSeedssayshesoldnearlyeighttimesasmuchblendedreugeproductsthisyearcomparedwithlastyearwhentheywereintroduced.WhileheexpectedabumpinsalesWilkenadmitsthelevelodemanddidcomeasabitoasurprisetohim.TheconvenienceactorandthespeedotheadoptionandotherthingshaveprobablygainedmomentumasterthanIwouldhaveexpectedhesays.Theconveniencehasbeenhuge.Thatsprobablythebiggestthing.AndIthinkthevastmajorityoproducersreallywanttocomplywithstewardshiprequirements.Thisismakingitsimplerorthemtodoso.WhileretailershavedoneanexcellentjoboeducatinggrowersabouttheneedortraitstewardshipandthebeneftsitprovidesFostersaysthoseeortshavetocontinueandperhapsevenincreaseincomingyears.Hesaysretailersmustcontinuallyeducatebothemployeesandcustomerstoensureallsidesnotonlysurvivebutthrive.FrommyperspectiveIamnotcomortableinassuminggrowersknowwhatandhowtheyshoulddothingshesays.Althoughwevebeensellingbiotechnologycropsor15-plusyearsnewproductsdemandevolvingstewardshippracticesthatwemusteducategrowersonsaysFoster.Itsimportantretailersaretrainingtheirnewstaastowhatsalesprocessesneedtobeincludingensuringthatgrowersarelicensedtobeutilizingthetechnologiesaswellasbeabletoeectivelycommunicatewhattherequirementsareandwheretolearnmoreinormationaboutthem.Ithinkretailplaysakeyroleinthis.Theyarereallythelasttouchpointbetweenthatbagoseedgoingintothehandsothearmersandthemmakingthearmerknowhowtousethetechnologyresponsiblyandappropriately.TherehasbeentalkinsomequartersthattheederalgovernmentmayconsidercrackingdownonnoncompliancetoensuremoregrowersIWOULDDEFINITELYSAYTHEREISARANGEOFBUY-IN.SOMEMAYBE100PERCENTONBOARD.THENTHEREAREOTHERSWHOTHINKTHEREAREENOUGHOTHERFOLKSAROUNDDOINGITIDONTHAVETO.MARTYTURNERadheretostewardshiprequirements.SomehaveevencalledortheUnitedStatesEnvironmentalProtectionAgencytorequireseedcompaniestoconductregularfeldinspections.Turnersayshedoesntthinksuchamoveisnecessary.Ieeltheindustrydoesagoodjoboverallandisdoingeverythingitcantoeducateolks.Ithinktheretailersunderstandwhattherequirementsaretheyunderstandtheircustomerandcaneducateandgainthesupportoarmerstoollowappropriatestewardship.52SEEDWORLD.COM RANDYWILKENacknowledgesthatitwasntsolongagotherewassomereluctanceonthepartofgrowerstobuyintothenotionofseedtraitstewardship.TherehasbeensomehesitancyinthepastsaysWilkenpresidentoProHarvestSeedsinAshkumIll.andamemberotheIndependentProessionalSeedAssociation.Wevenotseenitasheavilyhereasinotherareasbuttherehasbeensomeconusionandnottotalcompliancewithplantingreugeparticularlyonthecornsideothings.Ourcustomershavebeenveryverycooperative.Idontwanttopaintthepicturetheyrenot.Sometimesitsjustnottotallyunderstandingthereugeorrootwormorexamplehastobeintheeld.OrtheythinkIarmathousandacresandIvegotoneeldobyitselsoIcandothat200-acreeldwithoutreuge.Someothosethingssometimesgetlostinthemessagebecauseyoudohavedierentcriteriaorabove-groundandbelow-groundreugerequirements.Andsomegrowersseetheyieldvaluethetraitbringssotheyjustfatoutwanttoplantasmuchothatcropastheycan.Therealityisgrowershavehadlittlechoicebuttobecomemoreconsciousotheimportanceoincorporatingtraitstewardshipintotheirplans.ThepotentialrisksmakeitartooimportanttoignoreaccordingtoWilken.EducationtheKeytoPromotingTraitStewardshipWereseeingtheresistancetosometraitstherenowsoalloasuddenitslikethiscanhappen.Itskindolikealightbulbthatsgoneohesays.Theotherthingiswevegotweedsthatareresistanttoglyphosate.ItslikeWowthisisorreal.Wehavetobemorevigilantwithallotheothertechnologieswehave.Ithinkitsaconceptweneedtopromotemoreoverall.ThekeytopromotingstewardshipamongbothretailersandgrowersiscontinuededucationsaysWilken.Themorepeopleknowthebetterinormedthedecisionstheywillmakehesays.Ithinkyouneedtoteachtheconceptallthewaythrough.Iweollowthestewardshipguidelinesitmaynotsolvealloourresistanceissuesbutitwillallowustousethesetechnologieslongerandbringusmorelong-termvalue.Thelackoproducerbuy-ininsomeregionsothecountryhaspromptedcallsortheU.S.EnvironmentalProtectionAgencytocrackdownonnoncomplianceandconsiderrequiringseedcompaniestoconductregulareldinspections.Wilkensayshehopesitdoesntcometothat.Ithinkthepreerenceisdenitelytheindustrycanandwillregulateitsel.Butthismightbealittlebitoawakeuptowhereweneedtodoabetterjobothat.Anytimeweneedtogetintomoregovernmentregulationitsnotnecessarilyagoodday.RandyWilkenpresidentofProHarvestSeedssaysgrowershavebecomemoreawareoftheimportanceoftraitstewardship.53OCTOBER2013 54SEEDWORLD.COMExploringideasandviewsonallaspectsoftheseedindustry.SEEDSGROWTHPOTENTIALIthinktheseedindustrydefinitelyhasgrowthpotential.Populationcontinuestogrowaroundtheworldthereforefooddemandwillbehigherwherepoliticalandeconomicforcesdontrestrictconsumption.GeneticprogressindroughttoleranceshouldopenlandsonthemarginorincreaseplantdensitiessaysScottDowneyassociateprofessorintheDepartmentofAgriculturalEconomicsandassociatedirectoroftheCenterforFoodandAgriculturalBusinessatPurdueUniversity.Hopefullythatprogressoffsetschallengeswithwateravailability.Demandpressurespotentiallykeeppriceshigheralthoughmanysuggestthatsomecorrectionmayoccur.Aslongaspricesarerelativelyhighlandwillbeinproductionandtheseedindustryshouldcontinuetothriveandexpand.ThereisalotofseeddevelopmentthatgoesonintheUnitedStateswhichmakestheU.S.continuetoberelevantandthevarietyofcropswerecapableofproducingmakesitagreatplacetoinnovate.FARMERSTAKESUSTAINABILITYINTOTHEIROWNHANDSIknowinmypartofthecountryandfromtalkingtootherfarmersaroundthecountry90percentofthefarmersareprobablydoing90percentofthepracticesandthingsthatareintheprotocolsaysDougWinteraUnitedSoybeanboarddirectorandsoybeanfarmerfromMillShoalsIll.WinterisreferringtothenewlydevelopedU.S.SoybeanSustainabilityAssuranceProtocolwhichwasdevelopedbytheAmericansoybeanindustrytohelpdefineanddocumentsustainableperformanceinsoybeanproductionforinternationalcustomers.InadditiontoprotectingfarmersfreedomtooperatetheprotocolensuresthatglobaldemandandacceptanceforourproductwillremainstrongsaysWinter.ItisapromisethatU.S.farmerscankeepbecausewearecommittedtoresponsibleproductionandcontinuousimprovement.JOINTHEGMOCONVERSATIONGMOsareagrowingtopicofdiscussiontodaywithawiderangeofquestionsandemotionsonthetopicsaysCathleenEnrightexecutivedirectoroftheCouncilforBiotechnologyInformationsponsorofanewonlineresourcecalledGMOAnswersthatprovidesinformationonGMOstheirbackgrounduseinagricultureandresearchanddata.Foodispersonalsowewanttoopenthedoorforpersonaldiscussions.WerecognizewehaventdonethebestjobcommunicatingaboutGMOswhattheyarehowtheyaredevelopedfoodsafetyinformationthesciencedataandprocesses.Wewantpeopletojoinusandasktheirtoughquestions.Beskeptical.Evaluatetheinformationanddecideforyourself.Welookforwardtoanopenconversation.WEARECOMMITTEDTORESPONSIBLEPRODUCTIONANDCONTINUOUSIMPROVEMENT. OCTOBER201355CONTROLLINGDUST-OFFWeregoingtheextramiletomakesureBayerSeedGrowthproductsstaywheretheyshouldbeinthefieldlaunchingseedsperformancesaysMarcAndrieuxheadofSeedGrowthTechnologyandServicesandSeedGrowthCoatingsatBayerSeedGrowth.Hisjobinvolveseverythingfromseeddrillingequipmentmodificationstodevelopingnewseedcoatingtechnologyallinthenameoflimitingdust-off.Ifyouarentincontrolofanumberofdifferentfactorsfromon-seedapplicationtoplantingitcouldleadtodust-off.Limitingdust-offisanintegratedsolutionatandafteron-seedapplicationheexplains.Minimizingdust-offisnothingnewforBayersaysAndrieuxaddingthatworkonimprovingdustcontroleverythingfromimprovingproductformulationstomodifyingseeddrillersinthefieldbeganseveralyearsagoinEuropeandhassincegoneglobal.BRINGINGWHEATINTOTHENEXTGENERATIONWithalmostacenturyofexperienceintheNorthAmericanwheatindustrythecommitmentofSyngentatothisall-importantcrophasneverbeenstrongersaidNormDregerheadofNorthAmericancerealsforSyngentaattherecentU.S.WheatAssociatesannualmeeting.Wheathassomanyendusesanditisabsolutelycriticalforworldfoodsecurity.Withthatlevelofresponsibilitycomesuniquechallengesandwearededicatedtoworkingacrosstheindustrytoovercomethem.AccordingtoDregerSyngentacontinuestomaketangibleadvancementsinwheattransformation.Theprimarychallengeisinproducingcropsthatofferastrongbalanceofyieldandquality.WithwheatanincreaseinthecropsyieldpotentialoftenmeansadropinproteinandviceversaDregerexplained.SyngentathereforetakesaYQapproachnotjustthinkingaboutonlyyieldoronlyqualitybutyieldandquality.Onetechnologywithstrongpotentialishybridwheatwhichthecompanyisontracktodeliverby2020.ThesuccessfuldevelopmentandreleaseofSyngentahybridbarleyinEuropeisinformingthisinnovationwhichisexpectedtobringyieldstabilityalowercarbonfootprintimprovedwater-andnutrient-usetraitsandenhanceddiseasetolerance.GREENHOUSEPRODUCETAKESOFFThoughstillinitsearlystagestheU.S.greenhouseindustryhasbeensteadilygrowingoverthepastdecadeaccordingtoareportbyRabobanksFoodandAgribusinessResearchandAdvisorygroup.Thisgrowthdriveninpartbytheneedformoreintensiveproductionduetolimitedlandwaterandlaborhaspushedsalestomorethan3billionandthattotalisexpectedtoreachmorethan4billionby2020saysthereportentitledTheGrowingU.S.GreenhouseProduceNicheCapitalizingonHighTechQualityandConsistency.Thereportalsostatesthatreducingthecostofhigh-techgreenhouseinstallationsanddifferentiatingfromlowercostMexicanshadehouseandlow-techgreenhousecompetitionwillbethekeytofuturegrowth.ThereportauthoredbyKarenHalliburtonBarberasenioranalystatFARaddressesavarietyofopportunitiesfortheindustryasitgrows.ThereisagrowingpreferenceamongU.S.retailandfoodservicebuyersforgreenhouseproducesaysBarber.Thesebuyersareseekingthequalityandreliabilityofsupplythatgreenhouseproductsprovide.AlthoughgreenhouseproduceisestimatedtoonlyrepresentonetotwopercentofoverallU.S.freshfruitandvegetableproductionthereareimportanttrendstokeepaneyeon.Accordingtothereportgreenhousetomatoestodayaccountforasmuchas70percentofsales.Thisconcentrationinbusinessisanindicationthatthekeychallengesnotedinthereportcostsandcompetitionarenotinsurmountable.Thereportalsonotesthatgrowthingreenhouseproductionislikelytocontinueinthenearfuture.Acorechallengetothatgrowthwillbeeducatingconsumerswhiledifferentiatinghigh-techgreenhouseproductsfromlower-techproductsthereportstates.StricterlabelinglawsaswellasgreaterawarenessofcertificationprogramsalreadyinplaceintheU.S.andCanadacanaidinthiseducationaswell.Successinthenicheisexpectedtocontinuetofavorthemostefficientreliableandexperiencedproducerswithadvantagesinmarketinggeographyandtechnologysaysthereport.SYNGENTATHEREFORETAKESAYQAPPROACHNOTJUSTTHINKINGABOUTONLYYIELDORONLYQUALITYBUTYIELDANDQUALITY.LIMITINGDUST-OFFISANINTEGRATEDSOLUTION. 56SEEDWORLD.COMAnin-depthoverviewontheglobalseedindustry.FromanewinternationalpartnershiptoaidsalinitytolerantvarietiestoanewdiseasetolerantasparagusvarietyinNewZealandSTATUSSAUDIARABIATHEAUSTRALIANCentreorPlantFunctionalGenomicsattheUniversityoAdelaideandKingAbdullahUniversityoScienceandTechnologyinSaudiArabiahavesignedamemorandumounderstand-ingorthedevelopmentosalttolerantvarietiesowheatandbarley.TheagreementstandstobeneftgrowersinbothSaudiArabiaandAustralia.Thepartnershipwillallowortranseromaterialstechnologiesandresourcesbetweenthetwoorganizationsacilitatingthedevelopmentocropsthatareabletogrowinsalineconditions.TheprojectwillalsoprovideopportunitiesorstudentexchangesandjointPhDprojects.BothKAUSTandACPFGhavegreatresourcesandmutualinterestinunderstandingandimprovingsalinitytoleranceincropssaysMarkTesteraproessorobioscienceatKAUST.ThisinternationalagreementprovidesavaluableopportunitytobeneftagricultureinbothSaudiArabiaandAustraliaweallwin.TheagreementisanexcitingventureorACPFGandAustraliabecauseourresearcherswillaccessadditionalinormationresourcesandexpertisetoinvestigatehowtheseimportantcropsrespondtoextremesalineconditionssaysStuartRoyprogramleaderattheACPFG.TheprojectwillhelpdelivertoAustralianarmerscropsthatcangrowinthesetoughconditions.AspartothiscollaborationACPFGandKAUSTwillreplicatelaboratoryandfeldtrialstoidentiygenesthatplayanimportantroleinsalinitytoleranceprovidingbothorganizationswithextensivedataonthesecereals.KingAbdullahUniversityoScienceandTechnologyAustralianCentreorPlantFunctionalGenomicsSTATUSNEWZEALANDNEWZEALANDasparagusgrowerswillsoonhaveaccesstothefrstasparagusvarietythatistolerantothesoilungusPhytophthora.OfcialswithAsparaPacifcLtd.saythisisthefrstdiseasetolerantasparagusvarietyproducedin100yearssincetolerancetoasparagusrustwasfrstdevel-opedintheUnitedStates.NewZealandgrowerandbreederPeterFalloontogetherwiththeNewZealandAsparagusCouncilhasidentifedatleastonehybridthatshowshigheryieldsunderhighdiseasepressureromPhytophthorarotcomparedwiththebestcommercialvarietiesduringevaluationtrials.ThePhytophthoraresistantasparagusbreedingprogramstartedin1985whenasearchbeganorasourceoresistancetotheungusinasparagus.Varietiesrombreedingprogramsthroughouttheworldweretestedbutnonewereoundtohavehighlevelsoresistance.HoweveraewplantswerediscoveredthatresistedthediseasewhenexposedtoseveralisolatesoP.asparagiandP.cryptogeathathadbeencollectedromasparagusrommanydierentfelds.TheworkcontinuedwithsupportromNewZealandsFoundationorResearchScienceandTechnologyandtheAsparagusCouncil.NationalcultivarevaluationtrialswereestablishedinthemainasparagusproducingregionsoNewZealandinordertocomparethePhytophthoratoleranthybridstonon-tolerantcommercialvarieties.FalloonexplainsthatPhytophthorarotisasignifcantdiseaseinasparagusinmostworldSTATUSAlookatseedindustrydevelopmentsaroundtheglobe.FarmKinghasbeenaleaderingrainhandlingfordecadesandisproudtointroduceaprovenlineofon-farmseedhandlingsolutionsfortheseedindustry. OCTOBER201357countriesaroundtheworld.HespentthreeyearsinCaliorniawherehesawestablishmentailuresashighas80percentandyieldlossesinexcesso50percent.Thediseasehastraditionallybeentreatedwithchemicalswhicharenotonlyexpensivebutceasetoworkateraroundsevenyearsasthediseasebuildsresistancetothem.ThereislotoreplantingoasparagusinthesamefeldsduetolimitedareasosuitablesoilandthiscauseshigherdiseaselevelsinthesoilsaysFalloon.Ourtrialshaveshownbetteryieldsthanstandardvarietiestheyalsolastthreeorouryearslongerthancurrentvarietiesmeaningthatthegrowerswonthavetoreplantsooten.CurrentasparagusvarietiesinNewZealandhavealiespanoabout10to12yearsdependingontheconditionsandsevenyearsinEurope.Extendingtheliespanoasparagusplantscouldsavegrowersconsiderablemoneyasplantingisthebiggestcostaterharvestlabor.TheresearchhasresultedinthedevelopmentothenewvarietyPacifcChallengerwhichwillbereleasedinNewZealandlaterthisyear.AsmallamountoseedshavebeensenttoEuropeanplantbreederHargreavesPlants.Falloonsaysthereislimitedavailabilityoseedscurrentlybuthehopestoincreasethisamountby15to20timesnextyear.STATUSGHANAGHANAHASstartedfeldtrialsosomeimportedgeneticallymodifedseedsatanumberolocationsacrossthecountry.ThethreeGMseedsareBtriceBtcowpeaandBtcotton.ErickOkoreeoGhanasNationalBiosaetyCommitteesaystheBtcottonwasimportedromSouthAricawhiletheBtriceandBtcowpeacameromInternationalCentreorTropicalAgriculturesitesinColombiaandAustraliarespectively.AnothermemberothecommitteeWalterAlhassansayshisgroupiscloselymonitoringthefeldtrials.GhanaisasignatorytotheCartagenaProtocolonBiosaetyaninternationalagreementaimedatprotectingbiologicaldiversityrompotentialrisksposedbygeneticallyenhancedorganisms.ThecountrypasseditsownBiosaetyBillin2011andhasenlistedthehelporegulatoryagenciesacademicsresearchersarmersandpolicymakerstocreatepublicawarenessandprovidetrainingworkshopsonbiosaety.STATUSAUSTRALIATHEMOSTsignifcantissueconrontinggraingrowersinthesouthernregionsoAustraliaisthecontinuingspreadoherbi-cideresistanceinweedsandthethreatthisposestoarmingsystems.SosayresearcherswithAustraliasGrainsResearchandDevelopmentCorp.ssouth-ernregionalpanelwhohavereleasedadetailedreportontheconstraintstoproductivityinsouthernandcentralNewSouthWalesVictoriaSouthAustraliaandTasmania.Panelmemberstouredpartsothesoutherncroppingregionwherethedevelopmentoherbicideresistanceinryebarleyandbromegrassesandinbroadleaweedssuchaswildradishwasunderlinedasacriticalissue.PanelchairKeithPengilleysaysgrowersinallourstatesweregrapplingwithherbicideresistantweedsorwereconcernedaboutthepotentialorresistancedeveloping.ItsaproblemGRDChasbeenaddressingorsometimethroughaconcertedresearchdevelopmentandextensionBroughttoyoubyConnectingyourcombinetothemarketwww.farm-king.comeortandwewillcertainlybetreatingherbicideresistanceasapriorityissueinongoingandutureinvestmentprogramssaysPengilley.Whileresistantweedsloomasamajorthreattoproductivityitwasencouragingtospeakwithsomanygrowersrightacrossthesouthernregionwhoareactivelyimplementingintegratedweedmanagementstrategiestoreducethebuild-upandimpactoresistance.GrainsResearchandDevelopmentCorp.Australia 58SEEDWORLD.COMNATIONALUSDAANNOUNCESBIOTECHREGULATORYPETITIONSTheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculturesAnimalandPlantHealthInspectionServicehasannouncedtheagencywillbesendingseveralbiotechnologyregulatoryactionstotheFederalRegisterforpublication.APHIShaspostedanoticeofthreeactionsforpreliminaryderegulationofthefollowinggeneticallyengineeredplantsglyphosate-resistantcanolafromMonsantoglyphosate-resistantcornfromGenectiveandhybridizationsystemcornfromMonsanto.APHIShasevaluatedthepubliccommentsithasreceivedandpreparedthenalenvironmentalandplantpestriskassessmentsaswellasthepreliminaryndingsofnosignicantimpactthatsupporttheagencyspreliminarydeterminationsofnonregulatedstatus.BAYERANDMSTECHNOLOGIESRECEIVETRAITAPPROVALBayerCropScienceandMSTechnologiesLLChaveachievedamilestoneontheirpathtodeliveringnewsolutionsforsoybeanfarmers.ThedualherbicidetolerancetraitBalanceGThasreceivedcultivationapprovalfromtheUnitedStatesDepartmentofAgriculture.ThisstepfollowsapprovalfromtheU.S.FoodandDrugAdministrationandapprovalsalreadyreceivedforcultivationfoodandfeedusesinCanadaandimportintoAustraliaandNewZealand.Heraldedasanalternatetoolforweedcontrolandresistancemanagementthetechnologyconferstolerancetobothisoxautoleandglyphosateherbicides.TherstlaunchisplannedfortheUnitedStatesbymid-decadependingregulatoryapprovals.BalanceGTisexpectedtobeoneoftherstdual-herbicidetolerantproductsforsoybeansonthemarketintheU.S.SYNGENTARECEIVESREGISTRATIONSFORSEEDTREATMENTSyngentahasreceivedfederalregistrationforVibranceseedtreatmentfungicideformorethan30additionalcropsincludingcorn.Vibrancecontainssedaxaneandisthecompanysrstactiveingredientdevelopedspecicallyforuseasaseedtreatment.Accordingtothecompanythechemistryunlocksthepowerofroothealthbyprovidingidealsoilmobilityandenhancingbioticabioticstressmanagement.ThisadditiontoourdiverseportfoliofurtherstrengthensourabilitytoprotectseedsandseedlingsagainstdiseasewhichotherwisemayimpactyieldpotentialnegativelysaysDavidWinstonSeedcareproductleadatSyngenta.InadditiontoeldcornVibrancereceivedapprovalforsweetcornpopcornandforagecornaswellassorghumanddrybeans.INTERNATIONALPHCANNOUNCESPLANSFORHARPINSEEDTREATMENTPlantHealthCareaproviderofnaturallyderivedproductstotheagricultureindustryhasregainedlicensedrightstoHarpinasaseedtreatment.PHCandMonsantohavemutuallyagreedtodiscontinuethe2008HarpinagreementwhichgrantedMonsantocertainexclusiverightstodevelopandsellHarpinasaseedtreatment.Sincetherstusagein2010morethan10millionacresofHarpin-treatedsoybeanshavebeenplanted.AsaresultofthenewagreementalllicensedrightsrevertbacktoPHCwhichhaspurchasedMonsantosremainingHarpininventory.TheagreementenablesPHCtodevelopandsellHarpinseedtreatmentintoallcropmarketsincludingcornsoybeancottonandcanolaonaglobalbasis.BASFDISAGREESWITHECRESTRICTIONBASFhasexpresseditsdispleasurewiththeEuropeanCommissionslatestdecisiontoapplyatwo-yearrestrictiononselectedseedtreatmentusesoftheinsecticidepronilwhichitsayswilllimitgrowersaccesstovaluableandapprovedtechnologies.AlongwithmanyexpertsBASFremainsconvincedthatthedeclineinbeepopulationsiscausedbymultipleandcomplexfactorsandthattherestrictionofpronilwillnotcontributetoprotectingbees.WewillsupporttheECinthedevelopmentofextensivemeasuresthatcanbenetbeeswhilesecuringfoodproductioninEurope.WedonotbelievethattheplannedrestrictionofproniluseswillaccomplishthatsaysJrgenOldewemeseniorvicepresidentglobalproductsafetyandregulatoryaffairswithBASFCropProtection.REGULATORYROUNDUPKeepingyouinformedoflegislativeandregulatorychangesatthestatenationalandinternationallevelsfromlawsuitstoapprovalstootherregulatoryissuesaffectingyourbusiness.SeedsofNativeandNaturalizedWildowersNativeGrassesHerbsCertifedOrganicsEnvironmentalSeedProducersENVIRONMENTALSEEDPRODUCERSP.O.Box947AlbanyOR97321541.928.5868ph541.928.5581faxwww.espseeds.comespespseeds.com Thefirstandonlytrainingcompanytoconductoptimizedseedtraiteducationstewardshipandcompliancetrainingforseedcompaniesdealersgrowersandfieldspecialists.Withmultipletrainingservices10yearsindustryexperienceandcustomizedtrainingtechnologySTEPhasdevelopedtrainingresearchandcompliancepartnershipswithkeyseedindustrycompanies.Thesepartnershipsaredrivingbreakthroughdiscoveriesintraittechnologycomplianceandstewardshiptraining.Tapintoourexperienceandexpertiseanduseourservicestodevelopatrainingprogramforyourcompanyorsupportanalreadyexistingprogram.OurtrainingresourcesincludeTargetedSeedDealernetworktrainingOn-FarmAssessmentsOn-siteGrowerEducationTraitRoyaltyintegrityIntellectualPropertytrainingProgramIntegrityandComplianceAndmoreBenefitfromincreasedrevenueprofitsandROIasaresultofourcustomizedseedtraittechnologytrainingprograms.Contactustodayat1-877-330-STEP-7837oremailusatcontacts-t-e-p.orgforaconsultationandneedsassessment.WewouldlovetodiscusshowSTEPcansupportyourcompanysAgIndustryefforts. 60SEEDWORLD.COMYourSeedisinGoodHandsKrauterSolutionsmichaelkrauter-storage.comwww.krautersolutions.comContactusTodayAskforMikeat800-992-2824Climate-ControlledStorageGrowthChambersNewRetrofttedSystemsOurpatent-pendingPEOPLENEWSAgReliantGeneticshashiredIvanBarreroasthecompanysnewestcornbreederatitsKirklandIll.researchfacilitysucceedingBillKoehringwhoisretiringthisyear.Barrerowillspecializeincornbreedingforthecompanys95-to105-dayrelativematuritymarket.BarreroshiringfollowsthecompanysrecentselectionofChrisClucasasdirectorofnorthernbreeding.ClucaswillalsobebasedattheKirklandresearchstation.JohnBruttyhasjoinedBurrusHybridsasgeneralsalesmanagerwithoverallresponsibilityforsalesforceinnovationdealerrelationsandcustomerservices.PreviouslyemployedbyCargillAgHorizonsasasalesmanagerfor10yearsBruttywasresponsibleforcoordinatingmarketingservicesandcropinsurance.LandmarkServicesCooperativehasnamedMikeElderitschiefoperatingofcer.ElderwilloverseeallcooperativeoperationsincludingsafetyenvironmentalhealthandtheLandmarkLogisticsdivision.ElderjoinedtheLandmarkteamin2003followingthemergerofLandmarkServicesCooperativeandUnionCooperativeservingasinterimINDUSTRYNEWSIndustryNewsisgearedtoseedprofessionalsanddeliversthepeopleindustrybusinessandproductnewsyouneedtoknow.Submissionsarewelcome.Emailusatnewsissuesink.com.COOandvicepresidentofhealthandsafetyforthecooperative.PRODUCTNEWSClarianthaslauncheditsnewAgrocerpigmentsforseedcolorationtherstdedicatedrangeofcolorantsfortheagriculturalindustry.Theuniqueofferingwillprovideeaseofcolorchoiceandpurchasingforseedcompaniesandmanufacturersofseedtreatmentproductsinparticularthoselookingtodifferentiatetheirbrandsamidgrowingcompetitioninthismarket.AccordingtoClariantthehigh-qualitypigmentsareeasytoapplyatanytreatmentstageandcanalsobeusedinfertilizersandpesticideproducts.FMCCorp.hasenteredintoanagreementwithBelchimCropProtectionwhichgrantsFMCanexclusivelicensetodevelopregistermanufactureandsellthepatentedfungicidevalifenalateinmixturesinNorthAmericaLatinAmericaandaselectnumberofcountriesoutsideoftheAmericas.Approvedforuseonhigh-valuecropssuchasgrapestomatoesandothervegetablesvalifenalateisadipeptide-classfungicideeffectiveagainstvarioustypesofmildew.IntegratedCoatingandSeedTechnologyInc.aleaderincoatingsandseedtechnologyservingthevegetableornamentalandagronomicseedbusinesshasannouncedthecommercialintroductionofAlphaKoteanewlydevelopedlettucepellet.AccordingtothecompanyAlphaKoteisapelletedseedproductwithamoisturetolerancedesignedspecicallyforcoastalclimatesyetitalsohastheexibilitytoperforminabroadrangeofenvironmentalandagriculturalapplications.BUSINESSNEWSWilbur-EllisCompanyaleaderincropproductiontechnologyandthedistributionandmarketingofplantprotectionseedandnutritionalproductshasacquiredtheassetsofBlueRiverAgSupplyLLCinEdgertonWisc.ThecompanyalsoacquiredtheassetsofGGSprayServiceInc.aspartofthepurchase.TheWisconsinlocationservicescustomersfromsouthernWisconsintonorthernIllinoisandwillnowbepartoftheWilbur-EllisGreatLakesoperations.DLF-TrifoliumASaDanishworldmarketleaderintemperategrassandcloverseedhassignedanagreementfortheacquisitionofPickseedCanadaandPickseedUSAincludingSeedResearchofOregonbytheDLF-TrifoliumGroup.PickseedisaNorthAmericanleaderinthedevelopmentproductionanddistributionofturfgrassandforagecropsseeds.PickseedhaseightlocationsincludingofceswarehousesplantsandresearchanddistributionfacilitiesacrossCanadaandOregon.PickseedoperatesunderthePickseedMapleseedSeedResearchofOregonandTurfOnebrandnames.SyngentaandU.K.-basedRothamstedhaveagreedtoformamulti-millionpoundscienticresearchpartnershiptodevelophighyieldingenvironmentallysustainablewheat.Duringthenextveyearsthecollaborationwillseektointegrateawiderangeoftechnologies 62SEEDWORLD.COMForacatalogcall303.431.7333salesapplewoodseed.comapplewoodseed.comSeedsofWildflowersGardenFlowersSince1965RegionalSpecialUseCustomMixturesHundredsofSpeciesinStockandapproachesinareassuchasimprovedcropgeneticscropprotectionstrategiesplantarchitecturesoilandrootinteractionsanddiseasecontrol.INDUSTRYNEWSPeopleneedtotapunusedplantstofeedtheworldinthenearfuturesaysCornellUniversityplantgeneticistSusanMcCouchinarecentarticleinthejournalNature.AccordingtoMcCouchthebiodiversitystoredinplantgenebankscoupledwithadvancesingeneticsandplantbreedingmaybethekeytomeetthedemandsformorefoodinthefaceofclimatechangesoildegradationandwaterandlandshortages.GenebanksholdhundredsofthousandsofseedsandtissueculturematerialscollectedfromfarmerseldsandfromwildancestralpopulationsprovidingtherawmaterialthatplantbreedersneedtocreatecropsofthefuturesaysMcCouch.HoneybeesthatconsumepollencontainingamountsofcommonlyusedfungicidesatlevelstoolowtocausethebeesdeathsstillmaybeleftmoresusceptibletoinfectionbyagutparasiteaccordingtoU.S.DepartmentofAgricultureandUniversityofMarylandresearchpublishedinPLOSONE.Thereporthighlightedtheneedforadditionalresearchtodetermineriskspresentedbypesticidesalongwiththeneedforimprovedcollaborationandinformationsharing.Ourstudyhighlightstheneedtocloselylookatfungicidesandbeesafetyasfungicidescurrentlyareconsideredsafeandcanbesprayedduringthebloomonmanycropssaysco-authorDennisvanEngelsdorpoftheUniversityofMaryland. OCTOBER201363 64SEEDWORLD.COMWhydoweneedsomanyseedassociationsWehavelocalregionalnationalandinternationalassociationsallrequiringresourcestimemoneyideasskillsandtonsoinitiative.ButwhyIrecentlyattendedtheSeedAssociationotheAmericasmeetinginPuntadelEsteUruguay.WhileIwasthereIhadtheopportunitytoseeirsthandwhytheseassociationsaresocriticaltoourindustryssuccesswiththeirpowerandcapabilities.Onenationalassociationwasnotifedthatitsederalgovernmenthadmadesomerashandpotentiallydamagingdecisionsoritsnationalseedindustrywhichcouldalsohavear-reachingimplicationsacrosstheglobalseedindustry.Withinminutesaletterhadbeensignedbytherepresentativesonolessthan16nationalseedassociationssupportingtheconceptthatthisgovernmentmustrethinkitsdecision.Itwasanimpressivedisplayosolidarityandcommitmentnotjusttolocalinitiativeswhichareocourseveryimportantbutavisionorthebettermentotheglobalseedindustry.Weworkinanindustrythatissignifcantlymisunderstoodbythegovernmentsandsocietiesthatweserveandeed.Thismisunderstandingisheightenedonaregularbasisbydisruptiveorceswhowanttowreakhavoconexistinginrastructure.Weasanindustryareunderattackwhetherwewanttoacknowledgeitornotanditisuptoeachoustosharetheimportanceoseed.Ourbestopportunitytoportrayournobleindustryistorememberthatourmessagemustbesharedatmanymanydierentlevelstoensurethatitisaccuratelyportrayed.TheinitiativesthatvariousseedassociationschampionarepowerulstatementsthatcreateroomorindividualcompanyImportanceoSeedAssociationsCannotbeOverstatedtactics.Dontbeooledthough.Withoutthisincrediblyimportantworkatalllevelsyourbusinesswouldbemuchmoredifculttooperateasyouaceaworldthatnotonlydoesnotsupportyourgoalsbutmostlikelywouldnotevenunderstandyourgoals.Ilookorwardtoseeingmanyoyouatlocalregionalnationalandinternationalmeetingsthiswinter.Andpleasethenexttimetheseassociationscomeaskingoryoursupportrememberthattheirimportancecannotbeoverstatedyourinvestmentwillindeedpaydividendsintheuture.Talksoon.P.S.DontworryIwontbejumpingonanyunionbandwagonsanytimesoon.ShawnBrookPublisherSeedWorldMagazinePicturesquePuntadelEsteinUruguayhostedtherecentSeedAssociationoftheAmericasmeetingwhichfocusedoncooperationamongmembernations. Nowavailablewithorganiccoatings.SummitSeedCoatingsprovidesimprovedseeddurabilityandproductivity.Thatmeanshigherqualitybetterreliabilityandimprovedperormancewhichtranslatestomoreproftoryou.CombinethatwithinnovativeproductenhancementsthelatesttechnologytimelyproductionandnoworganiccoatingandyoucanunderstandwhythecompetitionisGREENWITHENVY.AskaboutthesefneSummitSeedCoatingsproductsForagelegumeseedcoatingNutrientcoatingorgrassseedMicro-nutrientpolymercoatingsummitseedcoatings.comContactStuBarclayandMartinLuttrell866818-7327orBillTalley270365-6133710North11thStreetCaldwellIdaho83605208455-8009OrganicSeedCoating KEEPTREATMENTSONTHESEEDAlwaysreadandfollowdirections.FloRiteisaregisteredtrademarkofBASF.2013BASFCorporation.AllRightsReserved.13-BU-CP-003Productsappliedtoseedneedtostayontheseedallthewaythroughtoplanting.Fast-dryingFloRitePlantabilityPolymersdeliveruniformcoveragetohelplockdownfungicidesinsecticidesinoculantsandotherseedtreatmentproductsontheseed.ApplicationofaFloRitePlantabilityPolymerhelpsMinimizeundesirabledustduringhandlingIncreaseseedowthroughtreatingequipmentwithlessstickinessandbridgingImproveseedplantabilitywithfewerskipsanddoublesandmoreuniformstandsInsistonFloRitePlantabilityPolymers.Tolearnmorevisitagproducts.basf.us.